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'File 19/12 Bahrain, Precis of Zobara Affairs in 1895' [‎51v] (108/230)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (114 folios). It was created in 17 Apr 1895-7 Sep 1895. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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4
I confidently expect an early and satisfactory reply from you, as this matter
will not admit of uncertainty or delay.
No 76, dated Bushire, the 22nd April 1895.
From —Colonel F. A. Wilson, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
To—The Sheikh Sultan-bin-Mohamed Salamah.
After compliments. —It has been reported to me that you propose, in defiance
of the wish of your Chief, Sheikh Esa-bin-Ali, to form a settlement at Zobarah,
and that you have the support and assistance of Sheikh Jasim-bin-Thani herein.
It has been necessary accordingly to address a very strong warning on the
part of Government to Sheikh Jasim, that this will not be permitted. You
will also understand for yourself that any such action of yours will not be
tolerated.
Mr. Gaskin, an Assistant in this Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , has been desired to explain
all this clearly to you ; and should you happily be wisely disposed in this matter,
Mr. Gaskin will afford you his good offices to regain the favour of Sheikh Esa
and to receive indulgence from him. I have every hope that in this way all
difficulties may be arranged.
But should you unfortunately not listen to this friendly advice, you will be
liable to the grave displeasure of Government, and to very serious consequences,
as on no account will such a settlement be permitted.
i.i sorh Shawal i3ta
Dated the 2Sth Aprilf 8 95 .
From— Sultan-bin-Mohamed-bin-Salamah,
To—The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
After compliments. —Your esteemed letter has been received and its purport
understood. You have informed and ordered me that Zobarah should not be
inhabited. Learn, oh friend ! that the origin of our departure from Bahrein
arose out of a desire to stop a further development of the occurrences of which
you are aware. Such being the case, what are we to do when you order that
we should not reside in Zobarah, and we cannot go against your orders ?
We have been under your orders and in obedience to you from olden times,
and we have committed no action which is opposed to your wishes. Now our
condition is weak as is known to you. The present is the season of our liveli
hood, and half the number of our boats have been sent to Bahrein for being
equipped for the work, and we cannot therefore obtain the means of moving
from this place at once.
We hope, therefore, that you will allow us time until the end of the pearl
season, and then we shall not linger here. You can rest quite assured in all
respects, so far as we are concerned. It is not possible for us to go against you.
Our hope is in you and in the kindness of the great Government, that time will
be allowed us; but if not, yours is the order.
If we could know that a sincere understanding can be effected between us
and Sheikh Esa, we would obey him and you.
As long as we live no offence shall be committed either by myself or my
followers.
Dated the 3 oth Shawa ' 13 "
uacea, tue 26£h AprU l895 r „
From— Sheikh Jasim-bin-Thani,
To— colonel F. A. Wilson, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . •
After compliments. —Your esteemed letter has been received and I have
understood its purport. I wrote to you a letter before.

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Content

This file contains correspondence regarding an attempt by Sultan bin Mohamed bin Salamah (the head of the Al bin Ali tribe in Bahrain) - with the assistance of Shaikh Jasim Al Thani of Qatar and the Ottoman Governor (Mutasarrif) of El Hasa - to establish a settlement at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. on the Qatar Peninsula.

The British were entirely opposed to this idea and the correspondence contains details of their reaction to it, including an account of a bombardment of a fleet of dhows at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. by the H. M. S. Sphinx in September 1895.

Extent and format
1 volume (114 folios)
Arrangement

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end. However, from folio 73b onwards the pages are copies of earlier pages (these are also in chronological order).

Physical characteristics

Formerly a bound correspondence volume, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose. Foliation starts on first page with writing (3rd folio in volume). Foliation is in pencil in top right corner of recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . The following foliation errors occur: f.61 is followed by f.61A. f.73 is replaced by f.73A and f.73B.

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English in Latin script
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'File 19/12 Bahrain, Precis of Zobara Affairs in 1895' [‎51v] (108/230), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/314, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023105441.0x00006d> [accessed 21 October 2019]

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