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'File 19/12 Bahrain, Precis of Zobara Affairs in 1895' [‎69r] (143/230)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (114 folios). It was created in 17 Apr 1895-7 Sep 1895. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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My former letters to the Resident, Assistant (Resident) and Mahomed Raheem are with
Again, when Sheikh Esa became obstinate, I deputed to him my son Khalifah, who
begged for 15 days' respite, which, however, was not obtained. And you are acquainted with
all that.
When I did not attain my object, and the Mutasarif's request to you for (the exercise of)
good and the restoration of the plundered property was also not granted, he (the Mutasarif)
ordered me to call all the boats (to Z^bara) with what object I did not know: whether to inti
midate Sheikh Esa into an acquiescence in good deeds; or for the purpose of removing the
people from Zobara. And thus the boats remained (at Zobara) waiting for his (Mutasarif's)
Had I entertained aggressive designs and resolved to attack Bahrein, I would not have
waited for three months. (On the contrary) I was using my efforts towards a good end.
Now all women and children have been destroyed, some by the guns, and others fled to
the desert and perished there, without my knowledge or any intimation from you.
I now sue for your pardon, kindness, and assurance of safety {amdn). I do not entertain
(feelings of) opposition towards you. Give permission to the owners of the remaining boats
to go to their respective places, and salaams.
No. 3G3.
Dated Zobara, the 7th September 1895.
From— C aptain J. H. P ellt , Commander and Senior Officer,
To— J asim M ahomed bin T hani.
The Mutasarif has informed me that the Katr people are determined to attack Bahrein
and that he is unable to restrain them. It is evident therefore that you are the cause of this
gathering, but as you have asked foigiveness and peace, this is only obtainable under the fol
lowing conditions:—
(1) The evacuation of Zobara by the A1 bin AH and the return of that tribe to their
allegiance to their Chief (Sheikh Esa bin Ali of Bahrein).
(2) The dispersal of all Bedouins now collected at or near Zobara.
(3) The return of the nine boats that you took belonging to the people of Bahrein.
(4) The delivery of all the boats now at Zobara as part security of any indemnity the
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. may levy upon you and that these boats be brought by unarmed
men and anchored off the ship.
(5) The delivery of the pirate Hamad bin Selman.
If no acceptance of these terms is received from you by 4 p.m . today, I shall proceed in
the further destruction of these boats.
No. 364).
Dated the 7tb September 1895.
From— J asim B in T hani,
T o— C aptain J. H. P ellt , Commander and Senior Officer.
Your letter dated 7th September received.
I accept your demands with the exception of Ahmad bin Selrnan who is our enemy. He
has taken a boat belonging to us and our men. By God he is not amongst us and we do not
know his whereabouts today.
May it please God in the long run he will reach you.
The remainder of the A1 bin Ali tribe and the boats when floated will be «ent to you, I
do not entertain opposition to your orders first or last, and peace.
No. 365.
Dated the 7th September 1895.
From— C aptain J. H. P ellt , Commander and Senior Officer,
To— J asim bin T hani.
I have received your letter agreeing with my terms. No boat is to move until after day
light to-morrow morning and then they are to be brought out and anchored near the ship.
If I see any of my terms are not complied with or that any boat attempts to leave during
the night, I shall open fire without any warning.

About this item


This file contains correspondence regarding an attempt by Sultan bin Mohamed bin Salamah (the head of the Al bin Ali tribe in Bahrain) - with the assistance of Shaikh Jasim Al Thani of Qatar and the Ottoman Governor (Mutasarrif) of El Hasa - to establish a settlement at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. on the Qatar Peninsula.

The British were entirely opposed to this idea and the correspondence contains details of their reaction to it, including an account of a bombardment of a fleet of dhows at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. by the H. M. S. Sphinx in September 1895.

Extent and format
1 volume (114 folios)

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end. However, from folio 73b onwards the pages are copies of earlier pages (these are also in chronological order).

Physical characteristics

Formerly a bound correspondence volume, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose. Foliation starts on first page with writing (3rd folio in volume). Foliation is in pencil in top right corner of recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . The following foliation errors occur: f.61 is followed by f.61A. f.73 is replaced by f.73A and f.73B.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 19/12 Bahrain, Precis of Zobara Affairs in 1895' [‎69r] (143/230), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/314, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 7 April 2020]

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