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'File 19/12 Bahrain, Precis of Zobara Affairs in 1895' [‎69v] (144/230)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (114 folios). It was created in 17 Apr 1895-7 Sep 1895. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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14
I trust that you are sincere in this matter and you will not be the cause o£ bringing more
trouble upon yourself: and people.
I shall be clad if you will send some intelligent person having y6ur anthority for the
purpose o£ explaining matters.
No. 366. Telegram No. 1840-E., dated Simla, the Ist October 1895.
From— The Foreign Secretary,
To—The Resident, Bushire.
Your letter 98. September 13th. No objection to separation of portion of A1 bin Ali
it agreed to by Sheikh of Bahrein provided Zobara is evacuated and they do not settle near
Zobara.
Enclosure in letter No. 46, dated the 6th September 1895, from the Assistant Secretary, Pohft-
* cal and Secret Department, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , London.
No. 367. Dated India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the 19th August 1895.
From— Sib S. C. BATLET./or Under-Secretary of State,
To—The Under -Secretary of State, Foreign Office.
In continuation of previous correspondence ending with Foreign Office letter of the 9th
August, lam directed by Lord George Hamilton to forward, tor the information of the
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, copy of a telegram received from the Viceroy, dated
the 18th August, regarding the threatening attitude of the lurkish authorities towaids
Bahrein.
2 Lord George Hamilton desires me to enquire if the Marquis of Salisbury is of opinion
that the instructions which the Government of India propose to give to their Resident in the
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. may properly be issued. He would in that case telegraph his approva .
Enclosures in Foreign Office letter of 21st August ISOo.
No. 520, dated Therapia, the 12th August 1895.
I have the honour to transmit to Your Lordship herewith copy of note verbal* which I
have addressed to the Sublime Porte, in accordance with the instructions contained in Your
Lordship's telegram No. 129 of the 7th instant, remonstrating with the Imperial Goverrment
on the action of their local officials on the El Katr Coast and repeating that all claims to
Bahrein, which is under the protection of Her Majesty, are totally inadmissible.
(Sd.) P. CURR1E.
No. 369.
Xfofc T'erhale to Sublime Porte.
No. 84, dated Therapia, the 12th August 1895.
On November 11th, 1892, Her Majesty's Embassy had the honour to address a note
verhale to the Sublime Porte, drawing "the attention of the Imperial Government to the
assurance given on December 10th, 1871, by Server Pasha, then Minister for foreign Affairs,
to M. Pisani, First Dragoman of this Embassy, to the effect that the Sublime 1 orte had no
intention of attacking or obtaining any supremacy over the independent tribes on the coast
of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and stating that as Bahrein was now under the protection ot the
Queen of England, no interference by Ottoman authorities with natives of that island could
be admitted.
Information was received in the month of June of this year from the Government of
India to the effect that the Al bin Ali tribe Had the intentiou of forming a settlement at /
Zobara on the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. with the support of the Turkish Mutasanf of llasa (el Ansa)
who was further reported to have sent troops to Zobara under the command ot the Mudir
of El Bidaa.
These movements, io the opinion of Her Majesty's Government, constituted a serious
menace to Bahrein, and representations were verbally made to 11 is Excellency luikban
Pasha, whose attention was called to tbe above mentioned note verhale.
Further information has now been received to the effect that the Mudir of Zobara claims
the Al bin Ali tribe settled at Zobara, as Turkish subjects, by order of the _ Mutasanf, and
declares Bahrein unconditionally, and the El Katr ^coasl as partly, subject to Ottoman
jurisdiction.

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Content

This file contains correspondence regarding an attempt by Sultan bin Mohamed bin Salamah (the head of the Al bin Ali tribe in Bahrain) - with the assistance of Shaikh Jasim Al Thani of Qatar and the Ottoman Governor (Mutasarrif) of El Hasa - to establish a settlement at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. on the Qatar Peninsula.

The British were entirely opposed to this idea and the correspondence contains details of their reaction to it, including an account of a bombardment of a fleet of dhows at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. by the H. M. S. Sphinx in September 1895.

Extent and format
1 volume (114 folios)
Arrangement

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end. However, from folio 73b onwards the pages are copies of earlier pages (these are also in chronological order).

Physical characteristics

Formerly a bound correspondence volume, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose. Foliation starts on first page with writing (3rd folio in volume). Foliation is in pencil in top right corner of recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . The following foliation errors occur: f.61 is followed by f.61A. f.73 is replaced by f.73A and f.73B.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 19/12 Bahrain, Precis of Zobara Affairs in 1895' [‎69v] (144/230), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/314, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023105441.0x000091> [accessed 17 February 2020]

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