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'File 19/12 Bahrain, Precis of Zobara Affairs in 1895' [‎78r] (163/230)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (114 folios). It was created in 17 Apr 1895-7 Sep 1895. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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refusing reply. Sphinx accordingly seized seven boats there without
opposition. i>iudir in letter protested generally, claiming Zobarah as Turkish
territory and Albin Ali as having come under Turkish protection. Sphinx
proceeded Bahrein without replying. I am intimating Sphinx that no
attention need be paid to claim, and seizure boats may be prosecuted. Ends.
Shaikh Sultan is head of Albin-Ali at Zobarah. The action taken in the
matter has been approved.
Enclosures in Admiralty covering letter oj 19lh June 1S95.
Dated Busliire, the 4tli May 1885.
From— Captain J. H. P elly , Commander H. M. S. " Sphinx " at Bashire,
To— Rear-Admiral E. C. Drummond.
I have the honour to report that I arrived at Busliire on the 27th April
and relieved Lieutenant and Commander Currey, H.M S. Bramble (who
had arrived the day previous from Bahrein) as Senior Oilicer, Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.
2. With reference to the recent difficulty that had arisen at Bahrein, ne
cessitating the services of the there, it appearst hat Shaikh Sultan-
bin-Mahome 1 Salamah, a subject of Bahrein, had, in defiance of the will of his
Chief, departed to Zobarah with his tribe, the Albin-Ali, and intended forming
a settlement there with the support of Shaikh Jasim-bin-Thani.
3. Such a settlement being in direct opposition to the declared policy of
Government, Mr. Gaskin, Vice-Consul, was deputed to convey to Sheikh Sultan-
bin-Mohamed Salamah a strong warning that such a proceeding would not
be permitted; and in order that his mission might be the more increased in
force and authority by the presence of a man-of-war there, the services of
U.M.S. Bramble were requisitioned for this purpose.
4. A report of the movements of the Bramble and the result of this
mission is dven in Lieutenant and Commander Currey's letter to Colonel
P A. Wilson, on his return to Bushire, a copy of which is forwarded herewith
for your information.
5. The Political Kesident is in communication with the Government of
India as to the stfeps to be tdken in regard to this matter, and has requested me
to remain here to be in readiness to convey him to Bahrein if necessary.
Dated Busbire, the ilGth April 1895.
jr rorn Lieutenant E. H. C ukrey , Commander, H. M. S. Bramhle,
fj> 0 Colonel F. A. Wilson , Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
I have the honour to inform you, in accordance with your memorandum to
me (No 185, dated 21st April 1896), that having embarked Mr. Gaskin, Assist
ant Political' Resident at Bushire, and also Mahomed Rahim, llesidency Agent
at Bahrein, I left Bushire on Monday, April 22nd, arriving at Bahrein the fol-
lowin 0 * dav. Upon my arrival I landed, accompanied by Mr.. Gaskin and
Mahomed Rahim and paid a visit to the Shaikh Esa-bin-Ali. The Shaikh Esa-
bin-Ali stated his case and ended by assuring us that he was prepared to swear
bv the Koran that should Shaikh Sultan-bin-Mahomed Salamah return to
Bahrein he was prepared to receive him as if nothing bad happened, and to
allow him and his tribe to reside in Bahrein as before.
Havin"- received this assurance, I left the following day, Wednesday, April
24tb, and proceeded to Zobarah, where I arrived in the evening.
On account of the shallowness of the water of this place, I was obliged
to anchor a Ion"- way from the shore, some 4 miles out, and in consequence Mr.
Gaskin, Mahomed Rahim, and 1 did not reach the shore till after 5 o'clock,
and Mr Gaskin did not have time to finish his conversation with Shaikh Sultaa-

About this item


This file contains correspondence regarding an attempt by Sultan bin Mohamed bin Salamah (the head of the Al bin Ali tribe in Bahrain) - with the assistance of Shaikh Jasim Al Thani of Qatar and the Ottoman Governor (Mutasarrif) of El Hasa - to establish a settlement at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. on the Qatar Peninsula.

The British were entirely opposed to this idea and the correspondence contains details of their reaction to it, including an account of a bombardment of a fleet of dhows at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. by the H. M. S. Sphinx in September 1895.

Extent and format
1 volume (114 folios)

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end. However, from folio 73b onwards the pages are copies of earlier pages (these are also in chronological order).

Physical characteristics

Formerly a bound correspondence volume, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose. Foliation starts on first page with writing (3rd folio in volume). Foliation is in pencil in top right corner of recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . The following foliation errors occur: f.61 is followed by f.61A. f.73 is replaced by f.73A and f.73B.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 19/12 Bahrain, Precis of Zobara Affairs in 1895' [‎78r] (163/230), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/314, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 9 December 2019]

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