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'Persian Gulf Gazetteer Part II, Geographical and Descriptive Materials, Section II Western Side of the Gulf' [‎31v] (65/286)

The record is made up of 1 volume (140 folios). It was created in 1904. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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pFFFTHP A. -District inland from Shamaliya Coast.
R1T1IS EL JEBEL.—Range of mountains (or mountsiuous district)
HL'UQ XiLi u , ^ ft , nTV . f 0 side. (1) Commenoes at line loining
filling Oman / further south ?) and extends north to Maklab
Dibha and Has al Khaima (oj mr^ ^ E1[J / linstone Inlets ( o r s hould it be
Isthmus, wbio i s ^ Musan( l am ? if not, what should promontory between
Maklab 'and Musandam be called ?) (2) General direction is north and south.
Maklab ana i oountrv is a maze of barren mountains, tenanted
Generally sp ^ ® aterhol63 exist by small communities of hardy Shihu
rhenherds with their goats, and aspiring to a little cultivation where ground
sliepnt ras u nowble Hills are almost entirely bare. There are a
r dIL eroves in the vallevs; and scanty vegetation in fissures of the rook
Jwh sroats feed On east side coast is precipitous throughout and eliffs
are ^enera^ly undercut at sea level. There are small sandy bays at months
nf vallevs and mountains rise abruptly from waters edge. There are
numerous deep -water inlets, some of considerable extent, which native hosts
: „n„/i Uxr nnrs never enter on account of baffling winds Principal
inlets 'are Uibba Bay, Uubat Hnffa. Gbubbat Akahab, Duhat Kabal, Ghubbat
Ghazira, Gbubbat Shahus, Dubat Shisa. Khor Gbub Ali.Khasab Bay and
Kbor ash Shem On west side, from Ras Sheikh Masood to Tibba, mountains
IT o) o C e to sea. The villages of Kalba, Gberefa, Fujaira and Sikamkam are
enclosed on the landward side by a chain of desolate hills which retire to
some distance from the sea, forming a semi-circle ^of which the shore is a
chord 9 or 10 miles in length, Trom Sakamkam to I^hor 1*akan is a mass of
low hills 10 miles in length, coming close to the sea and relieved by many
little indentations which contain small hamlets and date gardens. (3) Elevation
is "•enerallv 3,000 to 4,000 feet. (4) Chief peaks are-(Fme Peak) behind
Fudar 4,470 feet; Jebel el Harim (Shuam Peak) between Shuam and Lima in
centre of promontory, 6,750 feet, with small table-top ; and Jebel K.awa, short
distance north-north-west of Dibba, 5,800 feet. (5) Snow does not (?) fall. (6)
South of Has al Khaima and Dibba, range retains approximately same breadth
as in north, and const on both sides recedes from it. (Should this portion be
included in Hnjar, in Oman ?) More rapid trend of west coast gWes broader
lowlands on that side. (7) Not basalt as formerly supposed, but jet black and
dark black -grey limestone interstratified and veined with white and pinkish
brown calc-spar. Strata nre horizontal. (8) Wolves, leopards, hyaenas, and foxes
are found in hills. (9) Inhabitants are Shihiyyin and Zahooriyeen. (10) Paths
across mountains are generally only tracks fit for Arabs and goats, but
there is well -defined camel track from Dibba to lias al Khaima which meets
Has al Khaima-Bereymi road on debouching into western maritime plain. This
route has not been described. Ross's Map shows a pass called Ligluddi on route
between Dibba and Ras al Khaima. Gulf Pilot, 1898, mentions a land
route, 1 day's journey, from Lima to Has al Khaima. AVadi Ham appears,
from Ross's Map, to conduct from Sharga to Fujaira. (H)-
RUWUL ZA.DNA.—Village. (1) Between Zadna and Dibba on
Shameiliya coast in Sharki district of Sharga. (2) — (10).
8ABKHEH (WADI).—Or Sabkheh Math. Marshy tract or valley, about
40 miles broad, commencing in vicinity of Wadi Jabrin and entering Gulf
between long. 51 o 50' and 52° 20' east, in lat 24° north. In some parts it is a
treacherous morass, only to be crossed on beaten tracks ; camels missing path
become engulfed in mud. Part consists of sand and part of saline incrustations.
There is no grass. The Sabkheh lies between Sil and Dhafreh at one day s
distance from each.
SAKAMKAM.—Village. (1) Three miles north of Fujaira in Sharki
district of Sharga. (2) (3) (4) Population 50. (6)—(10).
SALAMA WA BINATAUA.—Or the Quoins. Group of 3 remarkable
islets in lat. 26° 80' north and long. 66° 31' east, 5 to 7 miles north of Ras
Musandarn. Largest, Salama or Great Quoin, is f>40 feet high and furthest
from mainland; nearest is Little Quoin, 168 feet high; and between is Gap
Island with peak 250 feet high. Miles says the Arabs call the 2 Quoins
Koseyr and Oweyr.

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The volume is Part II Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Gazetteer, Geographical and Descriptive Materials, Section II Western Side of the Gulf (Simla: G C Press, 1904).

The volume contains notes, followed by subsections on Trucial Chiefs' Territory, Katar [Qatar], Bahrein [Bahrain], Hasa, and Koweit [Kuwait]. The volume is a geographical and descriptive gazetteer, giving information on alphabetically-listed places in each of the territories in question.

Extent and format
1 volume (140 folios)

There is a table of contents on the title page of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the front cover, and terminates at 142 on the back cover. These numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and can be found in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. A printed pagination system also runs intermittently throughout the volume.

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English in Latin script
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'Persian Gulf Gazetteer Part II, Geographical and Descriptive Materials, Section II Western Side of the Gulf' [‎31v] (65/286), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/727, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 February 2020]

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