Skip to item: of 286
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Persian Gulf Gazetteer Part II, Geographical and Descriptive Materials, Section II Western Side of the Gulf' [‎67v] (137/286)

The record is made up of 1 volume (140 folios). It was created in 1904. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

a trade worth about one lakh of rupees annually in rifles, mostly Martini rifles
and carbines, purchased at IU 100 each and nearly all re exported to the
mainland. He says rice is imported from India and wheat from India and the
Persian ports, large quantities being re-exported to the Arabian coast. Ac
cording to the Gulf Pilot (1898) imports are pieje-gcods, rice, cotton, coffee",
timber and other shipbuilding materials ; also, largely for re-exportation, cattle,*
fuel, grain, drugs, tobacco, sugar, oil, etc- Zvvem r (UiOO) calls Bahrein the
rice, timber and piece-goods dep6t for all eastern Arabia. The followino-
were the principal imports in 1903 and their approximate values in lakhs of
rupees : pearls 45J, specie 43, rice 20|, cotton piece-goods 9, dates 4J,coffee 3^,
tobacco 2f, timber and wood 2, wheat If, ghee and sugar each, silk piece-
goods li, and cattle lakhs. An arms'import, worth 4 lakhs a year only
a short time before, had entirely disappeared. The total value of the imports for
1903 was 154 lakhs, of which 87 lakhs fiom India and 52 lakhs from Turkey.
About J of the coffee, J of the cotton-goods, | of the dates, J of the grain and
pulse and vo of the specie were re-exported, also the whole of the pearls. In 1903
no less than 71 steamers with cargo, all British, aggregate tonnage 102,876, enter-
ed Bahrein, {d) Exports, according to Bombay selections (1818) are p >arls, dried
dates and bullion, worth $800,000 annually. Bahrein boats were calculated to
collect 350,000 crowns' worth of pearls annually, and more than that quantity to
be brought to Bahrein for sale from other places. Whitelock (1835) mentions
wool camoleens and dried fish ; als ) tint date^, horses, pearls and dried fish are
taken to India by Bahrein vessels. The Gulf Pilot (1898) gives pearls and dates
as principal exports, adding hides, cotton sail-cloth, grain, datemats of fine tex
ture, wool, cattle and a few remarkably fine horses and donkeys. The following
are given as the strengths of the Bahrein merchant fleet at different periods
1,400 fishing boats, of which 700 large, 300 intermediate and 400 small (Bombay
Selection^, 1818). Some large baggalas, built for trade and Mar, which made
2 trips to India in beginning of north-east monsoon (Whitelock, 1S35). 25
merchant baggalas, some of large size, 12 bateels and ghoonchas, 800 pearl boats
(Bombay Selections, 1829). Six large baggalas trading t > India besides 30 or
40 of size used in Gulf trade and 500 to 600 pearl boats as compared with 21
large merchant vessels, 500 fishing and cargo boats and 1,500 pearl bo its at an
earlier time (Bombay Selections, date uncertain). Latest passage in same autho
rity (probably about 1850^ gives 20 large boats of 110 to 350 tons and 10) of
from 40 to 120 tons. Gulf Pilot (1898) mentions only 300 to 400 pearl boats
and 200 native craft of from 20 to 300 tons, besides many of smaller size. Ac-
eording to Bombay Selections 30,001 inhabit mts out 70,000 live by pearl fishery.
Hie chief expor.s in 1903 were (in lakhs of rupees) : pearls 102grain and
pulse 6^, specie 4^-, dates 3^-, cotton piece-goods 3^, oyster-shells 2^-, and coffee
1|- lakhs. Except pearls and oyster-shells these appear to have been almost
entirely exports of imported goods. The total value of the exports in lakhs of
lupe es was 130, of which 106| went to In lia and 15 to Turkey. In
1.^ Reamers clearing from Bahrein with cargo numbered 38 of which
.7 were British, total tonnage of latter was 56,055. [Not understood
ow number ot steamers clearing could be so much smaller than that
ot those entering See Gulf Administration Report, 1903-04 {e) Trade
appears to be concentrated at Manama, the commercial capital, if)—[h)
i o information. (7) («) Population has been variously estimated at different,
ana even in recent times. Niebuhr puts the villages at 40 to 50 Bom-
, a *i ec icms (18 to) only 15,000 aboriginal Bahreinis and 15,000 self-
syu ^ la >8. i he same authority later (1854) mentions 50,000 inhabitants
and later still 60,000. and again 70,000. Whitelock (1835) gives 15,000
as ae o a of tho ruling Lttoobee tribe and says towns were 36 in number and
ormer \ 'ere uere more. Palgrave states the agricultural villages at 50 or 60
^ ie I )() P u ^^ 10n a t 70,000 but decreasing. Bent estimates the villages
Pilnf VifeQ 0 \ + S ka ^ le . population at 120,000 and the Gulf
i a ^ ? 000. (/j) The islands seem to contain at least two races, viz.,
TmrK/V'f . >l1 ir< Jms an( ^ i ,nni igrant Arabs. Few travellers discriminate pro-
A1 To t .! r e \ V Q e i T 0, lie ^ Lra b s are said to be Uttoobees, A1 Bu Kuw^ara,
mivorf +t»*i a a ta, A1 Mnhande, Mootsallema, Kaiser, Genahat and some
onoressed hv fli 1 * 0, TT^ Jr ? el0Ctions say aboriginal Bahreinis arc cruelly
^ ( ;LI ^^toooee conquerors and that there is much doubt as to their

About this item


The volume is Part II Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Gazetteer, Geographical and Descriptive Materials, Section II Western Side of the Gulf (Simla: G C Press, 1904).

The volume contains notes, followed by subsections on Trucial Chiefs' Territory, Katar [Qatar], Bahrein [Bahrain], Hasa, and Koweit [Kuwait]. The volume is a geographical and descriptive gazetteer, giving information on alphabetically-listed places in each of the territories in question.

Extent and format
1 volume (140 folios)

There is a table of contents on the title page of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the front cover, and terminates at 142 on the back cover. These numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and can be found in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. A printed pagination system also runs intermittently throughout the volume.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Persian Gulf Gazetteer Part II, Geographical and Descriptive Materials, Section II Western Side of the Gulf' [‎67v] (137/286), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/727, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 February 2020]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Persian Gulf Gazetteer Part II, Geographical and Descriptive Materials, Section II Western Side of the Gulf' [&lrm;67v] (137/286)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image