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'Persian Gulf Gazetteer Part II, Geographical and Descriptive Materials, Section II Western Side of the Gulf' [‎119v] (237/286)

The record is made up of 1 volume (140 folios). It was created in 1904. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Serphwan ( ? Safwan), a remarkable eminence 50 miles north-north-west of
DAHMAN.—Place marked in Kiepert's map about 35 miles north of
Jaliara, on route to Basra.
DEBENEH.—Name of the desert district near north extremity of which
lies Koweit.
DELAA (DELAA-ED).—Low range of hills, about 60 miles south of
Koweit, running east and west and reaching coast of the Gulf.
DJ A APE.—Place marked in Kiepert's Map about 40 miles north-west of
Jaliara on route from Basrah to Zult'a in Nejd.
EJMAN—Tribe found at Shiaiba. Are these the Ejman of sub-section D?
ERMEK (WADI).—Valley or depression, shown in Dowdin^'s map as
commencing south of Ilafr aud running east-north-east towards head of
Koweit Bay, but not reaching it. Is this the Wadi Rummah of Section III,
sub-section B ?
EAILAKA.—Island.—(1) Its south-west point, the nearest to Koweit, is
about 10 miles east-norlh-east of Has al-Arz; and its north-east end is about 7
miles south-east of mouth of Khor-as-Sabiya. (2) Its length is 7 miles north-west
and south-east and breadth :} miles at west end. Its shape is that of a badly-
shaped wedge with base to the north-west and point to the south-east. (3) It
stands on an extensive flat of mud and sand with rocky patches, which extends
south-east from the mouth of Khor-as-Sabiya. Island is very low, and at high
spring tides is broken in upon by the sea and must be a veritable swamp in
rainy season. Not visible more than 6 or 8 miles, so that it is not often seen
when entering harbour. It has two outliers viz., Uha, small sandy islet on the
reef, about 3 miles from its south-east extremity, and Mashkan, a low sandy
islet on the great Tharub mud flat, 2 miles from Eailaka towards north-west.
Highest part of island is mound, about 30 feet above sea, on south-west side,
with tomb of Said Sadoo. (4) There were in 1839 a few straggling date-trees,
yielding little or no fruit, and a few cultivated patches of loamy sand
bearing onions, melons and occasionally small quantities of wheat, irrigated
from numerous wells. Water was good during rains and indifferent at other
times. Inhabitants depended entirely on other places for supplies, but pos
sessed a few flocks ; and a few fish, sheep and poultry were obtainable. The
people owned 15 or 16 baghlas trading to Basra, and 45 or 50 date-branch
boats used only for fishingf. (5) In 1825 (?) the inhabitants numbered 400 or
500 and were mostly fishermen. In 1839 there were 3 villages on island ;
Toor on west, Saidee on noith and Grane on east, but last 2 had been
depopulated by plague. Tcor had 70 to 80 houses and about 1 0 inhabitants.
Toor is apparently identical with Zowar, mentioned by Gulf Pilot, 1898, as a
Tillage in centre of west side of island with small date- grove and about 250
inhabitants. The present chart shows two " towns " and a village (without
names) in addition to Zowar. People in 1839 were poor and miserable and
said the island was unhealthy, that they'were much subject to fevers and that
infant mortality was heavy. (6) (7) Fa ; laka forms part of Koweit territory. It
has been examined and found unsuitable for a coal depot, unless for steamers
drawing under 7 feet, and these too would have to lie 300 yards off shore. In
1825 (?) Governor was relation of Sheikh of Koweit.
PANAlTIS.—Small fort containing about 40 men, on the Arabian coast
about 10 miles south of Ras-al-Arz. People are herdsmen and cultivators.
PANT AS.—Small date-clump with habitations (?) half way between
Panaitis and Abu Halaifa.
GEIT (RAS AL),—See under Bubiyan Island.
GRANE.—See under Pailaka.
HADEIBA (PASHT AL).—See Koweit Bay.
HADUBA.—Place marked in Kiepert's map, about 40 miles south of
Koweit and 10 miles from coast.
EAPR.—Place mentioned by Powding as situated in the Wadi-er-Rum-
mah and forming the 3rd stage on the journeyj from Koweit to Hail, distance

About this item


The volume is Part II Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Gazetteer, Geographical and Descriptive Materials, Section II Western Side of the Gulf (Simla: G C Press, 1904).

The volume contains notes, followed by subsections on Trucial Chiefs' Territory, Katar [Qatar], Bahrein [Bahrain], Hasa, and Koweit [Kuwait]. The volume is a geographical and descriptive gazetteer, giving information on alphabetically-listed places in each of the territories in question.

Extent and format
1 volume (140 folios)

There is a table of contents on the title page of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the front cover, and terminates at 142 on the back cover. These numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and can be found in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. A printed pagination system also runs intermittently throughout the volume.

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English in Latin script
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'Persian Gulf Gazetteer Part II, Geographical and Descriptive Materials, Section II Western Side of the Gulf' [‎119v] (237/286), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/727, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 February 2020]

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