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'Persian Gulf Gazetteer Part II, Geographical and Descriptive Materials, Section II Western Side of the Gulf' [‎125v] (249/286)

The record is made up of 1 volume (140 folios). It was created in 1904. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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sarulstone begins to crap out and continues for two bouri!. From a point 5
hours north of Jabara begin undulating plains covered, in spring, with grass
and flowers. These continue for 4 hours when the sandstone ridge of Aghthi
is readied and passed through, 3 miles from Jahara. To tlie soutli and west of
Jahara is undulating country covered, in spring, with grass and flowers, but
without water. The shepherds of that region have water sent to them on camels.
Between Jahara and Koweit is a low, flat, salt plain, here and there slightly-
raised, with sa id and a little grass. General character of country is horizon-
bounded prairie, undulating like long, low waves. South and west'of Malah are
boundless, slightl.v undulatiog plains with flowers and grass just sufficient
in spring to give a glow of green. The Delaa-el-Chebreet and i)elaa-ed-Delaa
(q.v.) ave features of this part of the district; se« also articles on Khor
Karein and Shug. For 30 miles south of Koweit coast is a st my, brown-
coloured desert, rising gradually to a height of 200 or £00 feet at a'few miles
inland. For 1 hour east of Koweit on route to Malah. is scant grass; and
thereafter, for 4i hours to south-south-east, plains sprinkled with low brush
wood. Generally the country is arid and barren, but there is some cultivation
in neighbourhood of forts, (i) Climate of Koweit town is separately dealt
with. Kegarding remainder no information except that great cold sometimes
prevails in tract n';rth of bay of Kovveit. In the winter of 1862-G3 in the
neighbourhood of Salphoon (? Safwan) nearly all the sheep died of cold
and on 2nd March 1863, at the same place, Colonel Pelly's water-skins wera
frozen. (5) Such information as is available regarding routes will be found
in the following authorities quoted at the beginning of this sub-section, viz No.
7, pages 117—119; No. 9, pages 16—22, and Appendices IV, VI and VII * No.
18, pa^es 25—23 and Appendix A. Cassim Izeddingives the caravan distances
from Koweit as 15 days to Hail, 12 days to Aneyza and 8 days to Hasa. Felly
makes it 8 days to Katif, 10 to Hasa, Ojair or Zalfah in Nejd, 12 to Kaseem in
Nejd, 13 to Jebel Shammar, 18 to Hazui-er-ilaji and 26 to Mecca, rate bein*- 8
hours a day on camel-back. (6) (a) Products are nil (?). {b)—{d) Trade is most
ly of a through character, and is therefore dealt with under Koweit town (e)
The only commercial centre is Kowcit town, {f) The currency is cosmopolitan
Tne Mam Theresa dollar or rial (=Rs. 1-8-0) may be considered the
standard, but Indian rupees, Persian krans and Turkish copper coins circu
late, and even English sovereigns are found. It is said bills can be obtained
on Basra, Bushire, Bombay and even the capital of Nejd. (7) {g) (^). There
is no estimate of the population of the principality except Kemball's (1903)
of 20,000 people in Koweit town and 30.000 Bedouins owning allegiance
The inhabitants of Koweit town are believed to be mainly Uttoobees and those
of the country to the south mostly A1 Ali (a branch of the Beni Khalid)
Forty families of Ejman are found at Shiaiba. There are also wandering
parties of other tribes, including the Montiiik. Coast population live on dry
tisu and a tew dates; inland people on dates, corn and camels' milk-
in Bedouin encampments both families and horses sometimes subsist
exclusively on camels milk. Both Bedouins and townspeople store locusts
l eople smoke Persian mrgeilah with tobacoi of Lar from Lin^a, or Turkish*
chebook with tobacco brought by the Tigris from Mosul o? via Mocha
iioin lemen. In the desert the Arab sabeel is generally smoked (8) The Gov
ernment is patriarchal. The Sheikh exercises political and the Kazi indicia!
functious. Punishment is rarely inflicted and there is little interference with
the liberty of the subject. No tribute is exacted from the tribes and except
for small offerings at the gate, or from merchants, there is no svstem of
customs, and trade is entirely free. Stocqueler (1832) differing from other
authorities mentions an import duty of 2 per cent. Pelly (1863) estimated the
Sheikh s receip.s to amount to Es. 20,000. Koweit flies the Turkish flao- but the
meaning of this is disputed ; and the Sheikh denies having ever paid tribute to
lurkey. The fighting force at the disposal of the Sheikh consists of 6 000
men m Koweit town and doubtful number from among the Bedouins Do'wd
mg describes their organisation, armament and efficiency in his report. The
Turks regard koweit as a Kaimmakamlik of the Basra Mutasarriflik.
KOWEIT.---Town. (1) Capital of the Koweit principality, having its
north end situated in lat. 29° 22' 56" north and long. 47° 59' 51'' east, about

About this item


The volume is Part II Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Gazetteer, Geographical and Descriptive Materials, Section II Western Side of the Gulf (Simla: G C Press, 1904).

The volume contains notes, followed by subsections on Trucial Chiefs' Territory, Katar [Qatar], Bahrein [Bahrain], Hasa, and Koweit [Kuwait]. The volume is a geographical and descriptive gazetteer, giving information on alphabetically-listed places in each of the territories in question.

Extent and format
1 volume (140 folios)

There is a table of contents on the title page of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the front cover, and terminates at 142 on the back cover. These numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and can be found in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. A printed pagination system also runs intermittently throughout the volume.

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English in Latin script
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'Persian Gulf Gazetteer Part II, Geographical and Descriptive Materials, Section II Western Side of the Gulf' [‎125v] (249/286), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/727, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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