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'Visit to Lingah, Kishm and Bunder Abbas by Lieutenant-Colonel Lewis Pelly, printed article of an account read before the Royal Geographical Society of London 27 Jun 1864' [‎4r] (7/14)

The record is made up of 7 folios. It was created in 27 Jun 1864. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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F elly's Visit to Liny ah, K
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again abruptly turns inland. The general aspect of the ran^e is
dark-red, alternating with slate colour, strewed in part with earth
from 'ww a mn St r P ; an 'L the height of the summits may vary
300 to 600 feet. I he entire range seems to be salt, and
iemmded me of the salt-hill near Nishapoor, on the road from
1 ehran to Meshed. The two sets of salt-caves which I visited were
respectively at the two extremities of the shore-face of the rane-e.
1 lie cave on the side nearest Kownee is comparatively small and
does not seem to be worked ; but one of the caves on the further
extremity is of truly noble proportions, being a vault of from 200
to 300 fee t height, of about the same length, and with a span
of 60 or 70 feet. The entire arch of the cave is beautifully streaked,
like marble, while large crystalline salites hang from the roof in
restoons white as snow.
Another cave of smaller dimensions is in the immediate vicinity,
and it is this one which is principally worked. It may be about a
mile distant from the beach: a sufficiently good path for camels
and donkeys leads up to it. The blocks of rock-salt quarried from
tie interior of the cave are laid in heaps at its entrance, to be
carried by donkeys and camels to the sea-shore, where they are
stowed in small native craft and carried to Maskat, for ultimate
exportation to Calcutta and the east coast of Africa. The period
of working is said to be about five months in the year, beginnino-
from the early spring, when from 100 to 150 hands may be daily
employed, l iie reason alleged for not working for salt during the
remaining months of the year, is that boats cannot lay in shore for
landing unless during the calm season; but I rather suspect that
the working is regulated by the demand. Every boat shipping salt
pays two krans, or about one rupee per ton, to the Sheikh of Kishm,
and every camel employed in carrying pays 5 per annum to'
the same authority. It is said (;iiid from the general appearance
of the place it seems certain) that working in them is dangerous,
on account of the frequent falling of large blocks of salt from the
roof and sides. Many labourers are said to have been killed in
this manner; and among other numerous I noticed one solid
mass of pure rock-salt, about 12 feet thick, with sides of 16 feet,
which had recently fallen across the centre of the cave. It does
not appear that the pure salites above mentioned are made use of,
although I found the few specimens that I gathered to be the best
and purest table-salt I ever tasted.
No fresh-water is found in the immediate vicinity of these caves :
the labourers collect their drinking-water from a brackish well and
one or two artificial rain-water tanks about 2 miles distant. The
water that we drank, while pitched there, was brought from wells
dug close to the base of the Kownee salt-range.
Leaving the salt-range and still following the shore-line eastward,

About this item


The account gives details of the route taken through Lingah [Bandar-e-Lengeh], Kishm [Qeshm] and Bunder Abbas [Bandar Abbas] , and provides geographic information on the areas travelled through, information on the peoples inhabiting the areas and information on local trades with particular focus on mining for Salt, Nahptha, Sulphur and Red Ochre.

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7 folios
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English in Latin script
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'Visit to Lingah, Kishm and Bunder Abbas by Lieutenant-Colonel Lewis Pelly, printed article of an account read before the Royal Geographical Society of London 27 Jun 1864' [‎4r] (7/14), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F126/67, ff 1-7, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 7 April 2020]

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