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'Visit to Lingah, Kishm and Bunder Abbas by Lieutenant-Colonel Lewis Pelly, printed article of an account read before the Royal Geographical Society of London 27 Jun 1864' [‎5r] (9/14)

The record is made up of 7 folios. It was created in 27 Jun 1864. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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F elly's Visit to Lingah, K 5
guLu galleiies. The ore is brought out in small pieces, which
are piled conically in kilns.^ These are ignited, and the sulphur
falls through an aperture into a receptacle immediately below
the centre of the kiln, where it is crystallised, leaving a conical
refuse of white lime or gypsum. Ihe sulphur-diggings are farmed
by Maskat, and sublet to a Sheikh for 4100 krans. The Sheikh
further pays a sum of 2400 kr in presents to the Persian
authorities. The outlay of sulphur varies from 60,000 to 90,000
muns of 9 lbs. The lime is said to be of an excellent quality,'and
fetches about two rupees for 1000 mum of 9 lbs. when delivered
on the sea-shore. _ The Sheikh told me that he re-lets the diggings
in numerous sections, and that his own profit amounts to^about
one kran on the Delhi mun of 28 lbs. of sulphur. Khumeer itself
consists of a township and fort, very similar in dimensions to that
of Lult; indeed all the townships along this coast-line may be
described as a cluster of flat, oblong stone boxes round a tumble
down stone fort, and with an outskirting of temporary date-leaf
huts. Several craft were lying on the beach of various sizes. Along
this shore, as indeed along all the shores of the Straits, are a series
of slight fishing-stakes, fixed at low-water mark, and formed of
strips of the date-leaves, neatly tied together. Fish, with dates,
and a little coarse barley-bread, constitute the main food of the
people. The fish most common and most relished is a large sort of
mullet; soles and pomplet are caught, but do not seem to be much
Leaving Khumeer the Straits widened to a breadth of 4 miles,
and on the Persian shore-line a salt formation, apparently a con
tinuation of that on the island of Kishm, crops out immediately on
the water-line to a height of about 600 feet, and turns eastward,
following the line of the Straits for about 6 or 7 miles in a series of
low hillocks of from 100 to 200 feet.
From the Straits 1 passed to the Island of Hormuz, visiting the
ruins of the old Portuguese settlement. The fort, of solid masonry
construction, is still standing, but is quite unrepaired. A few
useless guns, bearing date the early part of the eighteenth centurv,
lie about the bastions. Three sides of the fort are washed by the
sea, and the side facing inward is strengthened by a wet ditch, cut
entirely through the narrow neck of land on which the place is
built. It seems that during the occupation of the Portuguese a
small inlet of the sea on the eastern side of the fort had sufficient
depth of water for vessels of considerable tonnage to lie imme
diately under the wharves. This inlet is, however, now filled up.*
* I find that along the Bunder Abbass shore-line numerous creeks are silted up.
To the northward on the contrary, for instance, on the Bushire peninsula, and,
I believe, also on the opposite Arabian coast, there are signs of the land being con-

About this item


The account gives details of the route taken through Lingah [Bandar-e-Lengeh], Kishm [Qeshm] and Bunder Abbas [Bandar Abbas] , and provides geographic information on the areas travelled through, information on the peoples inhabiting the areas and information on local trades with particular focus on mining for Salt, Nahptha, Sulphur and Red Ochre.

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7 folios
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English in Latin script
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'Visit to Lingah, Kishm and Bunder Abbas by Lieutenant-Colonel Lewis Pelly, printed article of an account read before the Royal Geographical Society of London 27 Jun 1864' [‎5r] (9/14), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F126/67, ff 1-7, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 January 2020]

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