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‘File 5/65 I Question of disposal of emancipated slaves and proposal to check traffic between Muscat, Oman ports and Zanzibar’ [‎15r] (40/200)

The record is made up of 1 volume (95 folios). It was created in 18 Jan 1889-14 Jul 1905. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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VHP' 1
No. 362, dated British Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , Baghdad, the 2.5th July 1896.
From— Colonel E. Mockler , Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Turkish Arabia,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign Department.
4
I have the honour to forward herewith, for the information of the Govern
ment of India, copy of marginally-noted
letter from the Assistant Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency.
at Easrah (with copy of my reply) on the
subject of the furnishing by him of free
passages to slaves manumitted at Basrah.
From Assistant Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Basrah, No. 433,
dated thel6th July 1896.
To Assistant Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Basrah, No. 361,
dated the 25th July 1896.
2. As regards the two applications made to him by manumitted slaves
for free passages to Bahrein and Maskat, the opinion I have expressed to him
that ho was right in refusing to accede to such applications will, I trust,
be considered correct. For if we do deport a manumitted slave from the place
of his manumission, such deportation should be, I imagine, to a place w r here
there are no slaves and not to one where slavery is still existant.
Males.
1894.. 1895.
15 80
Females.
1894. 1895.
65 165
3. The number of slaves who have during the past two years obtained
manumission at Basrah through the
good offices of Her Majesty's Consul
there is placed in margin (weekly returns
of all such are kept and sent to Her
Majesty's Embassy at Constantinople).
4. At Maskat very many Africans manumitted under treaty arrangements
have been for years past sent by British Indian craft to Bombay at a small
charge for their passages (food being also provided to them), and it appears to
me that some facilities for leaving the country in which they have been in
slavery might be afforded by the British Government to the numerous slaves
now continually manumitted at Basrah by orders of the Sultan of Turkey, but
doubtless under pressure from us; and I would ask that I and Her Majesty's
Consul at Basrah may be allowed to deport to India manumitted slaves
(desirous of leaving Turkish Arabia) if such can be done at small expense.
i
No. 433, dated the 16th July 1896,
From— Captain J. F. Whyte , Assistant Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Basrah,
To—The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Turkish Arabia.
•Mhbub.
Varda.
I have the honour to inform you that two African slaves* recently manumit
ted have applied to me for free passages
to Maskat and Bahrein respectively.
2. It does not appear to have been the custom at this Consulate to provide
such passages, and I have been unable to trace on the files any instructions
bearing on the point.
3. I have declined to accede to the applications pending a reference to
you for orders, and I shall be glad if you will inform me whether I am
authorised to grant free passages in such cases.
4. I would in conclusion request that you will cause me to be supplied
with the marginally-noted book for use
" Instructions for c^iidance of naval cfficera em- i n fljo offipp of this rrm«»nlitA
ployed ia the suppression of slave trade," Oc u illlS vOnSUiaie.

About this item

Content

The volume contains correspondence between Government of India officials and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , on the question of the disposal or repatriation of slaves manumitted in the Gulf region, in response to concerns from the Government of Bombay over the potential social consequences of settling further Africans in the city (folio 5). British government officials in London and India discussed the practicalities of sending freed slaves to Britain’s possessions in East Africa, where freed slaves could be employed in the region’s agricultural plantations (folio 13 onwards).

In December 1897 Captain Hugh Daly, Deputy Secretary to the Government of India, wrote to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (Lieutenant-Colonel Malcome Meade), requesting him to liaise with Her Majesty’s acting Consul-General at Zanzibar, Basil Cave, to arrange for the dispatch of freed African slaves to be repatriated at Zanzibar (folio 23). A batch of correspondence from 1899/1900 documents the arrangements made by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (then Major Percy Cox) to send eleven liberated slaves to Zanzibar. Particular attention is paid to keeping the cost of the freed slaves’ passage back to Africa to a minimum.

The remainder of the file covers the period 1897 to 1905, and deals with specific cases of emancipated slaves being dispatched to Zanzibar, either from the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in Bushire or the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Muscat. This includes a report written by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (Major Charles Kemball) in Nov 1902 outlining the numbers of slaves transported over a two year period (1900-1902) from Muscat to Zanzibar, including method and cost of transport (folio 82).

Extent and format
1 volume (95 folios)
Arrangement

The papers in the volume are arranged in rough chronological order, running from earliest at the front of the volume, to latest at the rear.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume has been foliated with a small circled number in the top-right corner of each front-facing page, beginning with the front cover and running to the last folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘File 5/65 I Question of disposal of emancipated slaves and proposal to check traffic between Muscat, Oman ports and Zanzibar’ [‎15r] (40/200), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/200, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023213314.0x000029> [accessed 14 December 2019]

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