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‘File 4/8 (2/4a) Article regarding Bahrain-U.K. Treaty; Dismissal of Ali bin Hussain, Secretary to the Manama Municipality’ [‎front-i] (2/106)

The record is made up of 1 file (51 folios). It was created in 22 Jun 1934-19 Jan 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Content

The file contains an exchange of confidential correspondence, following Arab press reports of a new friendship treaty between the Sheikhs of Bahrain and the British Government. The correspondence is mainly between Meredith Worth (Officiating Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain), Lieutenant-Colonel Percy Gordon Loch (Acting Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Bushire) and Charles Dalrymple Belgrave (Adviser to the Government of Bahrain).

The correspondence discusses claims made in 1934 by Bahraini subject Ali bin Salim that Britain and Bahrain were negotiating a new 25 year treaty which would recognise the independence of Bahrain under the sovereignty of the existing ruling family, the Al Khalifah Sheikhs of Bahrain. The Baghdad newspapers Al Akha and Al-Iraq published both Ali bin Salim’s treaty claims and a repudiation by Sheikh ‘Abdullah bin ‘Isa al-Khalifah, brother of the ruler of Bahrain, Sheikh Hamad. Ali bin Salim was later identified as Ali bin Hussain al Khalfan, Secretary of the Manama Municipal Council.

The correspondence also discusses the subsequent fraud investigation against Ali bin Hussain al Khalfan, including an examination of import records obtained from the Director of Customs and Port Officer, Bahrain as evidence; his conviction for misappropriation of public funds by Sheikh Sulman in the Bahrain Court; his six months’ imprisonment and subsequent release.

The file also includes English translations of the following items in Arabic: a letter from Sheikh Hamad bin Isa al Khalifah (Ruler of Bahrain) to his brother Sheikh Muhammad (President of the Manama Municipal Council) dismissing Ali bin Hussain al Khalfan from his post as Secretary to the Council (f.17); an independent valuation of imported goods that Ali bin Hussain al Khalfan had purchased with public funds (f.34); three Arabic newspaper articles (ff.2, 4, 12).

Extent and format
1 file (51 folios)
Arrangement

File papers are arranged chronologically. At the end of the file are five pages of file notes. The notes mainly consist of a chronological list of all documents in the file (ff.46-51). One section of the list (f.48) records the reference numbers ‘S.No:1’ to ‘S.No:6’ which have been written in pencil on the earliest documents at the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: numbered 1 to 52 in pencil in the top right hand corner. The numbering starts at the front of the file, on the first file enclosure (f.1) and ends on the inside cover at the back of the file (f.52). The front file cover is not foliated.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘File 4/8 (2/4a) Article regarding Bahrain-U.K. Treaty; Dismissal of Ali bin Hussain, Secretary to the Manama Municipality’ [‎front-i] (2/106), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/929, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023246742.0x000003> [accessed 26 February 2020]

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