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'Memorandum on the Turkish claim to sovereignty over the eastern shores of the Red Sea and the whole of Arabia; and on the Egyptian claim to the whole of the western shore of the same sea, including the African coast from Suez to Cape Guardafui.' [‎6v] (12/70)

The record is made up of 35 folios. It was created in 10 Mar 1874. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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8
Egypt as part of the Yemen, but in September it
was recognized by Mehemet All as a British posses- Colonel Campdell, No. 60, September
sion, the chain of mountains constituting the mutual h 1838.
boundary. India Board ' September 4, 1839.
But Lord Ponsonby, then Her Majesty's Ambas- No. 149, June 16, 1838.
sador at Constantinople, pointed out that it was
the Sultan to whom the British Government was
accountable for having taken Aden, and not the
Pasha of Egypt, who was not an independent
Sovereign.
[For a full report on the claim of the Sultan
to sovereignty over the Yemen, and on other
points connected with that question, see the late
Mr. Spring Rice's Memorandum of 1st November, Memorandum, 1st November, 1843.
1843, annexed.]
The Egyptian forces had now been for a long
time on the Arabian Coast, and as they continued
their operations against the several tribes of the
Yemen, Colonel Campbell, Her Majesty's Consul- No. 17, August 24, 1838.
General ill Egypt, Was told, on the 24th May, 1838, In India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , December 12, 1838.
to remind the Pasha that England could not see Yemen, Mem., p. 8.
with indifference any attempt to invade or conquer
the country lying at or beyond the mouth of the
Red Sea. *
In the following year (1839) Mehemet Ali claimed
hereditary possession of Egypt and Syria, and a war
between the Sultan and the Pasha ensued ;
Besides the above-mentioned Treaty with Lahej,
numerous other Treaties were about this time con
cluded by the British authorities at Aden with the
independent Chiefs in that part of the Yemen
immediately surrounding Aden.
The following is a list of those concluded
1839 :—
in
Hazzabees
January 31, 1839
Hertslet, vol. viii, p.
Abdalees
February 2, 1839
Ibid., vol. viii, p. 2.
Waheit
February 2, 1839
Ibid., vol. viii, p. 1,
Hagrabees
February 4, 1839
Ibid., vol. ix, p. 4.
Lahej ...
February 4, 1839
Ibid., p. 2.
Abbadees
February 18, 1839
Ibid,, vol. ix, p. 4.
Maidee
February 18, 1839
Ibid., vol. ix, p. 5.
Zaidee
February 18, 1839
Ibid.
Muswadee Subees
February 19,^1839
Ibid.
Subees
February 20, 1839
Ibid, p. 5.
Yaffaees
February 21, 1839
Ibid., p. 6.
Sherzebee
March 10, 1839
Ibid., vol. ix., p. 6.
Hoosabee
June 14, 1839
Lahej ..
June 18, 1839
Ibid., p. 7.

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Content

Memorandum prepared by Edward Hertlset, Foreign Office Librarian, on 5 March 1874 (printed by the Foreign Office 10 March 1874). The document gives a historical overview (from 1517 to 1874) of claims on the Red Sea coast, with particular focus on those of the Ottoman Turks and the Egyptians. It discusses attempts by the French, Italians and Americans to gain a foothold in the region. It ends with a summary of things as they stand, with political and commercial considerations, as well as those of the slave trade.

Hertslet quotes extensively from his sources, notes on which appear in the left-hand margin.

Extent and format
35 folios
Arrangement

At the beginning (folios 1-2) there is a table of reference to facts and dates, with reference to the printed page number.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the sequence commences at the first folio and terminates at the last folio; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A second foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 1-34; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the bottom right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The booklet also contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Memorandum on the Turkish claim to sovereignty over the eastern shores of the Red Sea and the whole of Arabia; and on the Egyptian claim to the whole of the western shore of the same sea, including the African coast from Suez to Cape Guardafui.' [‎6v] (12/70), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B8, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023282030.0x00000d> [accessed 9 December 2019]

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