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'Memorandum on the Turkish claim to sovereignty over the eastern shores of the Red Sea and the whole of Arabia; and on the Egyptian claim to the whole of the western shore of the same sea, including the African coast from Suez to Cape Guardafui.' [‎8r] (15/70)

The record is made up of 35 folios. It was created in 10 Mar 1874. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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11
out separately, according to Mahomedan form, say
ing that the island has been sold by the Sultan, and
his heirs, to the British Government, for ten bags
of rice.
" The Treaty did not require altering from the
form you kindly sent me. All the principal men
have signed it; and I must not omit to mention,
and bring to the notice of Government the great
assistance Sheik Shermarkee, Chief of the Soomau-
lee tribe at Berbereh, has rendered our Government
at this time. This Chief is a true and staunch
friend of the English, and carries weight and respect
among all the natives, more particularly the Soomau-
lees. To this man are we mainly indebted for
a speedy arrangement of the mattersj the hand
some manner he evinced when 1 called upon him to
assist us on this mission, which involved the risk of
his house, property, wives, and family, left behind
at Mocha, proves that he is more than a common
friend to us; and I hope Government will notice
iit to him in some manner, as on a former occa
sion during the Government of the Honourable
Mr. Elphinstone. Prior to receiving Shermarkee
on board at Mocha, he requested, by letter, British
protection against all insults and losses which he
might incur during his absence, or return to Mocha.
This I at once promised, as he also came when he
was just about dispatching to Bombay two of his
large trading-boats, which convey yearly about
300 tons of coffee and other goods.
" Hadee Abdool Russool, the British Agent, also
made the same request as to British protection,
which I granted; but I am sorry to say, on our
return to Mocha, he found it unsafe to return to his
family and house, in which he had much property.
Sheik Shermarkee landed on our return, was called
before the Governor, and taxed as to where he had
been, and what doing. The G overnor of Mocha, Sheriff
Houssein, offered him no violence; but it appeared
that, after we had left Mocha with the Agent, and
Shermarkee on board, he had ordered his guards to
be imprisoned, for not informing him of their
departure; and issued an order for none of the
merchants, or captains of the native boats and
vessels to leave Mocha without his permission. He
also prevented four boxes being shipped belonging

About this item

Content

Memorandum prepared by Edward Hertlset, Foreign Office Librarian, on 5 March 1874 (printed by the Foreign Office 10 March 1874). The document gives a historical overview (from 1517 to 1874) of claims on the Red Sea coast, with particular focus on those of the Ottoman Turks and the Egyptians. It discusses attempts by the French, Italians and Americans to gain a foothold in the region. It ends with a summary of things as they stand, with political and commercial considerations, as well as those of the slave trade.

Hertslet quotes extensively from his sources, notes on which appear in the left-hand margin.

Extent and format
35 folios
Arrangement

At the beginning (folios 1-2) there is a table of reference to facts and dates, with reference to the printed page number.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the sequence commences at the first folio and terminates at the last folio; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A second foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 1-34; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the bottom right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The booklet also contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Memorandum on the Turkish claim to sovereignty over the eastern shores of the Red Sea and the whole of Arabia; and on the Egyptian claim to the whole of the western shore of the same sea, including the African coast from Suez to Cape Guardafui.' [‎8r] (15/70), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B8, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023282030.0x000010> [accessed 17 February 2020]

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