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'Memorandum on the Turkish claim to sovereignty over the eastern shores of the Red Sea and the whole of Arabia; and on the Egyptian claim to the whole of the western shore of the same sea, including the African coast from Suez to Cape Guardafui.' [‎9r] (17/70)

The record is made up of 35 folios. It was created in 10 Mar 1874. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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13
India Board, October 7, 1843,
November 15, 1843.
journey to the east and north, and that round the
coast inside the Red Sea the Tadjoura territories
extend to Assab Bay.
He also says, the Sultan of Tadjoura pays annually
from 1,200 to 1,300 German crowns, called head
money, to the inhabitants of Zeyla; and that when
he mentioned to the Sultan and head men that this
showed they were tributary to Zeyla, they said " no,
it was a very old standing custom, and that they
were perfectly independent of Zeyla;" he further
states that one of the natives, a man of some con
sequence, who resided one day's journey inland from
Tadjoura, assured him that, in his country, coal was
to be found in abundance, and that he had shown
a specimen of it to a French gentleman, who told
him on no account to show it to the English.
Lieutenant Barker, who visited Tadjoura at the
same time in the "Euphrates," said in his Report
(which also contained much useful information)—
" The dignity of Sultan of the Danakil tribes does
not, as in other countries, descend from father to son,
but from Sultan to Vizier, who, as he has assisted to
conduct all the affairs of the State during the life
time of the Sultan, is considered the most competent
to fill the vacancy on his death."
He added—
"We were given to understand that, though
Tadjoura was an independent State, still that it paid
a head tax upon all slaves sold to the Sultan of
Zeyla; that, in other respects, Tadjoura was tribu
tary to no one ; that the tax which was levied by the
Sultan of Zeyla appeared to be a. remnant of an old
custom when Zeyla was the principal city on the
coast, and received regular tribute from all the other
• States."
Moreover, he stated that—
" Whatever Power held Mocha must have great
influence with all the States from Suakin to
Berbereh; that the Sheikh of Zeyla was appointed
4 by the Dole of Mocha, who sent about fifty men
with him to see that no measures were carried
into effect that might injure his interests in that
quarter."
And here it may be mentioned that when
Ibrahim Pasha withdrew his troops from the
Yemen, he gave the " seaports of the "i emen and
the Tehama" to the Sheriff of Mocha (one Sheriff
[201] " E

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Content

Memorandum prepared by Edward Hertlset, Foreign Office Librarian, on 5 March 1874 (printed by the Foreign Office 10 March 1874). The document gives a historical overview (from 1517 to 1874) of claims on the Red Sea coast, with particular focus on those of the Ottoman Turks and the Egyptians. It discusses attempts by the French, Italians and Americans to gain a foothold in the region. It ends with a summary of things as they stand, with political and commercial considerations, as well as those of the slave trade.

Hertslet quotes extensively from his sources, notes on which appear in the left-hand margin.

Extent and format
35 folios
Arrangement

At the beginning (folios 1-2) there is a table of reference to facts and dates, with reference to the printed page number.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the sequence commences at the first folio and terminates at the last folio; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A second foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 1-34; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the bottom right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The booklet also contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Memorandum on the Turkish claim to sovereignty over the eastern shores of the Red Sea and the whole of Arabia; and on the Egyptian claim to the whole of the western shore of the same sea, including the African coast from Suez to Cape Guardafui.' [‎9r] (17/70), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B8, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023282030.0x000012> [accessed 12 December 2019]

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