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'Memorandum on the Turkish claim to sovereignty over the eastern shores of the Red Sea and the whole of Arabia; and on the Egyptian claim to the whole of the western shore of the same sea, including the African coast from Suez to Cape Guardafui.' [‎9v] (18/70)

The record is made up of 35 folios. It was created in 10 Mar 1874. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Hussain), in consideration of his paying Mehemed
Ali Pasha 90,000 German crowns annually.
This man was bigoted, proud, and, unlike the
agents of Mehemet Ali, in every way hostile to the
English.
He increased the duties of Mocha by 7 per cent;
insulted British subjects ; refused supplies being
sent to Aden ; and eventually went so far as to cut
down the British Consular flag.
A complaint was made by the British Government india Board, October 7, 184S
to the Porte against this man, and a Commission was
sent to inquire into his behaviour.
The extension of Turkish power and influence so
far east as the Yemen by this transfer of Mocha, and
the sea pqrts to Sheriff Hussain, was considered as a
question of great political importance, involving, as
it did, or was likely to do, both injury to Aden and
to the British Indian trade with the Red Sea; and
Lieutenant Barker reported that any attempt to
conclude a Treaty with Zeyla would be futile so
long as Sheriff Hussain held the reins of govern
ment at Mocha.
On receipt of Captain Moresby's Report, the
Governor of Aden directed the Islands of Mussa to
be formally taken possession of by hoisting the British
flag. He also gave directions for the small island at
the entrance of Gubut Kharab to be purchased in
case any fine anchorage existed within the Bay.
He also suggested to the India Board that, with
a view to counteract French intrigues with the
Sheriff of Mocha, advantage would accrue to British
interests by placing Mocha in the hands of its
hereditary and rightful Sovereign the Imaum of
Senna, who was then collecting a force to regain
it, if possible.
It was also considered of the greatest importance
that an attempt should be made to conclude a Treaty
of Commerce with the Chief of Zeyla, as a French
Expedition was expected to arrive very shortly in #
these waters. The Zeyla people were very friendly
disposed towards the English, but not so towards
the French.
Captain Moresby was, therefore, directed to pro
ceed to Mocha with a view—first, of conciliating
the Sheriff Houssain, and then of concluding the
Treaty with Zeyla.
Captain Moresby soon succeeded in conciliating

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Content

Memorandum prepared by Edward Hertlset, Foreign Office Librarian, on 5 March 1874 (printed by the Foreign Office 10 March 1874). The document gives a historical overview (from 1517 to 1874) of claims on the Red Sea coast, with particular focus on those of the Ottoman Turks and the Egyptians. It discusses attempts by the French, Italians and Americans to gain a foothold in the region. It ends with a summary of things as they stand, with political and commercial considerations, as well as those of the slave trade.

Hertslet quotes extensively from his sources, notes on which appear in the left-hand margin.

Extent and format
35 folios
Arrangement

At the beginning (folios 1-2) there is a table of reference to facts and dates, with reference to the printed page number.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the sequence commences at the first folio and terminates at the last folio; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A second foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 1-34; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the bottom right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The booklet also contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Memorandum on the Turkish claim to sovereignty over the eastern shores of the Red Sea and the whole of Arabia; and on the Egyptian claim to the whole of the western shore of the same sea, including the African coast from Suez to Cape Guardafui.' [‎9v] (18/70), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B8, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023282030.0x000013> [accessed 10 April 2020]

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