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'Memorandum on the Turkish claim to sovereignty over the eastern shores of the Red Sea and the whole of Arabia; and on the Egyptian claim to the whole of the western shore of the same sea, including the African coast from Suez to Cape Guardafui.' [‎10r] (19/70)

The record is made up of 35 folios. It was created in 10 Mar 1874. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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15
Geographical Society's Journal,
vol. xviii, p. 130.
i( Aden Pilot," p. 63.
the Sheriff of Mocha, with whom he concluded a
Commercial Treaty ; and he then proceeded to enter
into negotiations for a Treaty with the proprietor
and head of the Arab tribes inhabiting Zeyla, Seid
Mahomed Bar, Commander-in-chief of the Sheriff's
army at Mocha, whose family had for years possessed
Zeyla under the Government of Mocha, to whom
he paid a yearly sum.
This Treaty was concluded on the 3rd September,
but the Chief of Zeyla wished it not to be known
that he had entered into such a Treaty until the
absence of Sheriff Hussain.
This Treaty contained a stipulation similar to that
contained in the Treaty with Tadjoura, namely, that
no Treaty should be concluded by the Government
of Zeyla without the previous knowledge of the
Government of Aden, whilst the British authorities
in return promised to do all in their power to assist
the Government of Zeyla in improving his com
mercial resources.
By Article V of this Treaty, the Government of
Zeyla made over to the English Government the
Tlsland of Aubad, or Aybat, as a harbour for their
ships and vessels, without any prohibition whatever.
But the island itself, and another one close adjoin
ing called Saad el Din, or Sadaldin, was visited by
Captain Burton in 1855, and he described them as
two small patches of seagirt sand. He found no
one resident upon either of them, and he stated that
they appeared to be simply a resort for sea-gulls,
and that they "supplied Zeyla in the season with
thousands of gulls' eggs—a great luxury."
Captain Playfair observes, in his " History of ^
Arabia Felix or Yemen," page 165, that It should
not be forgotten that, while these events occurred,
the whole Province of Yemen, to which this portion
of the coast of Africa had formerly been, and had
since become a dependency, was in a state of anarchy ;
that it had been evacuated by the Egyptians ; that
the Imaum of Senna had lost the Tehama, which
was usurped by the Beni Aseer and the Sheriffs of
Aboo-Areesh, while they had not extended their arms
to Africa; and that the Governments of Zailah and
Tadjoura were in the hands of their hereditary
Chiefs, who owned no subjection to any Foreign
Power, and consequently were perfectly competent to
cede any part of their territories."

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Content

Memorandum prepared by Edward Hertlset, Foreign Office Librarian, on 5 March 1874 (printed by the Foreign Office 10 March 1874). The document gives a historical overview (from 1517 to 1874) of claims on the Red Sea coast, with particular focus on those of the Ottoman Turks and the Egyptians. It discusses attempts by the French, Italians and Americans to gain a foothold in the region. It ends with a summary of things as they stand, with political and commercial considerations, as well as those of the slave trade.

Hertslet quotes extensively from his sources, notes on which appear in the left-hand margin.

Extent and format
35 folios
Arrangement

At the beginning (folios 1-2) there is a table of reference to facts and dates, with reference to the printed page number.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the sequence commences at the first folio and terminates at the last folio; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A second foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 1-34; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the bottom right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The booklet also contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Memorandum on the Turkish claim to sovereignty over the eastern shores of the Red Sea and the whole of Arabia; and on the Egyptian claim to the whole of the western shore of the same sea, including the African coast from Suez to Cape Guardafui.' [‎10r] (19/70), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B8, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023282030.0x000014> [accessed 15 December 2019]

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