Skip to item: of 50
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎7r] (20/50)

The record is made up of 1 volume (21 folios). It was created in 28 Oct 1918-1 Nov 1918. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

MANUMISSION OF SLAVES.
Part I.
NQtes for guidance on Persian shore of Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
Authority.
rer S i!nVoast 0 are •- 0r ^ manu1nission of slaves <>« which we work on the
(i) The Slave Agreement with Persia o£ 1882 (Aitohison, volume XII.
page 97).
(ii) The Brussels Act, 1890 (Hertslet, volume XIX, page 278).
lu regard to the former, it has been held that the engagements of the Persian
Government are not limited to the case of negroes, but also cover the case of
enslaved Mekranis or other indigenous persons.
Grounds for Manumission.
(!) Enslavement after March 1882, the date of execution of Slave Tradfl
Agreement with Persia.
(ii) Gross ill-treatment by master, in case of individual enslaved before
Treaty.
Procedure,
Slave cases fall under four categories:—
(i) Slaves of Persian masters domiciled in Persia.
These should be referred officially to the Local Government or Karsmzar
with a Consulate representative, if necessary, and a statement of the case and a
manumission certificate obtained from the Local Government, or the Kareuzar
on the strength of which a British manumission certificate is issued and the
Persian one filed.
We cannot ordinarily manumit without the consent of the Persian author
ities, but if the slave Is not entitled to his freedom or if his title to be manu
mitted is doubtful, His Majesty's Consular Officer should move the Local
Government, or the Karguzar- to obtain, or himself obtain, a guarantee for
good treatment from the slave's master and induce the slave to return to his
owner on the strength of it.
In instances of doubt or if the Local Government or the Karguzar make
unnecessary difficulty, the case should be referred to the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. .
(ii) Slaves from Maskat, Bahrain, Kuwait or Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. .
Political Officer should refer to Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , giving the fullest possible
details and permitting the slave to remain in the Consulate meanwhile.
(iii) Slaves of masters who are domiciled in Persian territory, .but who
are under British protection.
Case should be enquired into and dealt with on its merits {but without the
intervention of the Persian authorities).
(iv) Slaves of masters who are domiciled in Persian territory i hut mho
are not under British protection.
Case should in the first instance be dealt with in communication with the
Consul of the owner of the slave if one is present, otherwise the local
authorities should be called upon to act as in the case of slaves of Persian
masters; vide (i), supra.
(v) Slaves taking refuge in British territories at Basidu, or at Jask,
Kan jam i 8fc.
There being no responsible political officer present this practice should not
he encouraged, but when slaves have so taken refuge, a manumission certificate
%

About this item

Content

The volume comprises two printed documents. The first is guidelines for the manumission of slaves, printed by the British Government’s Foreign Office Press, and issued to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire. Part one of the guidelines is for the Persian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . It outlines the authorities (treaties) for manumission, grounds for manumission, and the procedures for manumission. The second part of the guidelines deals with the Arabian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Bahrain, Muscat and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. are dealt with separately.

The second printed document in the file is a set of guidelines for dealing with the various scenarios in which economic disputes might arise between captains, divers and merchants in the pearling industry in the Gulf. The guidelines are for use by British agents and representatives in Bahrain, Kuwait, Bandar-e Lengeh and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. . The emphasis in the rules is on the honouring of debts as a means to ensuring the financial stability of the pearling industry, and sets out the obligations of divers to their captains, duties of captains to their divers, captains to other captains regarding loans, and captains to their debtors.

Extent and format
1 volume (21 folios)
Arrangement

Two separate printed reports with their own pagination systems, bound together into one file. No chronology.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume is foliated in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . The two printed reports that comprise the volume each have their own internal pagination systems.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎7r] (20/50), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/234, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023399489.0x000015> [accessed 7 December 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100023399489.0x000015">‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [&lrm;7r] (20/50)</a>
<a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100023399489.0x000015">
	<img src="https://images.qdl.qa/iiif/images/81055/vdc_100000000193.0x0000cf/IOR_R_15_1_234_0020.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
</a>
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it.https://www.qdl.qa/en/iiif/81055/vdc_100000000193.0x0000cf/manifestOpen in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image