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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎7v] (21/50)

The record is made up of 1 volume (21 folios). It was created in 28 Oct 1918-1 Nov 1918. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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, . j • -hv flip Consul concerned after enquiry, without tlie
intMvention of the PcSan autlorities. but subject to relcrence to the Eesi-
dency in case (ii) above*
MANUMISSION OF SLAVES.
Paet II.
Notes for guidance on Arabian shore of Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.
I.—K uwait.
Authority.
We bave no Slave Trade Treaty witb the Cbief of Kuwait, and no general
orders have been issued by Government.
^Procedure.
Negroes should be given no encouragement to take refuge at tbe Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company.
jNegioes s and in the case of a slave belonging to a
, ®rNr«n°B° S dS M "KSr master domiciled in Kuwait, tbe Political
1907, and subsequent demi-official correspondence. Agent should, at lllS discretion, decline t-O
intervene "When circumstances make this course difficult the case should
be reported to and discussed with the Shaikh o Kuwait wi b a view to
reeoncUiog slave and his master. If the case is one of real cruelty the
ShaTkb should if feasible be invited to acquiesce m bis manumission,
inference to higher authority need only be made in flagrant cases in which
the Shaikh has failed to give reasonable relief.
In the case of a slave belonging to a master not domiciled in Kuwait the
slave should ordinarily be passed on to Bushire, or, if this is not practicable, a
report of the case should be forwarded to the Eesidency for orders, the slave
being given protection in the meanwhile.
II.—B ahrain.
Authority*
Engagement of 1856 with the Chief of Bahrain (Aitchison, page 158,
.. volume XII).
Procedure.
1 All negroes claiming to be slaves and seeking manumission are
received under the protection of tbe Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. . Males are lodged in the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company.
premises under the charge of the guard. Women are as a rule put up outside
in the quarter of the Free Slaves, for which they make their own arrange-
ments.
2 There is only one exception to the grant of refuge to slaves, and that
is in tbe case of those hailing from Kuwait. There are objections in such
cases to charging to Government the cost of the passage of a negro sent back
to Kuwait; the best plan is to endeavour to avoid tbe necessity of doing so by
informing the slave that he cannot be given a manumission certificate and
that if he remains in the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. and his master claims him, he will bave to
be sent to Kuwait in order that his case may be enquired into, and that ma
best course under the circumstances is to make himself scarce.
Kuwait slaves are, therefore, not considered in what follows.
3. Slaves fall under two classes according to whether their masters
reside in Bahrain, or abroad.

About this item

Content

The volume comprises two printed documents. The first is guidelines for the manumission of slaves, printed by the British Government’s Foreign Office Press, and issued to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire. Part one of the guidelines is for the Persian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . It outlines the authorities (treaties) for manumission, grounds for manumission, and the procedures for manumission. The second part of the guidelines deals with the Arabian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Bahrain, Muscat and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. are dealt with separately.

The second printed document in the file is a set of guidelines for dealing with the various scenarios in which economic disputes might arise between captains, divers and merchants in the pearling industry in the Gulf. The guidelines are for use by British agents and representatives in Bahrain, Kuwait, Bandar-e Lengeh and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. . The emphasis in the rules is on the honouring of debts as a means to ensuring the financial stability of the pearling industry, and sets out the obligations of divers to their captains, duties of captains to their divers, captains to other captains regarding loans, and captains to their debtors.

Extent and format
1 volume (21 folios)
Arrangement

Two separate printed reports with their own pagination systems, bound together into one file. No chronology.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume is foliated in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . The two printed reports that comprise the volume each have their own internal pagination systems.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎7v] (21/50), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/234, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023399489.0x000016> [accessed 6 April 2020]

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