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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎13v] (33/50)

The record is made up of 1 volume (21 folios). It was created in 28 Oct 1918-1 Nov 1918. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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RULES REGULATING DUTIES AND OBLIGATIONS OF NAKHUDAS The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. AND SAILORS.
Rule 11. Claims of Naklmdas against sailor. Counter
claim of sailor against Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. .
(a) Claim denied before writing " barwah."
(6) Claim denied after writing " barwah
Rule 12. Old outstanding claims of Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. against
sailors.
Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. A engages sailor B who 'previously worked for
Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. C. C claims his dues from A, hut B alleges a
counterclaim against C.
If B denies C's claim, C must prove it by his account
books, supported by witnesses, or by oath before the
Shara' or by the production of witnesses who were
present when C settled with B.
If his claim is so proved A must pay up C's claim.
Usually the sailor B would not be believed.
After first asking why the sailor was so foolish as to
accept a false " barwah the Salifah, if inclined to
believe him, would call for the " barwah " held by C
and if he finds the amount specified therein against
the sailor is considerable, he will enquire how the
claim came to be so large by having the Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. 's
books produced and the account between C and B
gone over carefully, as a sailor does not require a
large sum for his living expenses.
If C alleges he has paid previous claims of Nakhudas The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat.
against B the " Salifah " should check this by C's
account books, and his production of previous " bar-
wahs " and then give a decision after it has been
satisfactorily demonstrated.
If the matter cannot be settled as above it mast go be
fore the Shara' and be settled, after production of
account books, on oath.
Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. A has sailors Bb indebted to him dispersed in
different towns {debts may he as old as 20 years) and
sailor may no longer be coming to him for advances
nor bringing him letters from their chiefs asking him
to give Bb advances.
Bb embark with Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. C and happen to meet A.
C may arrange by mutual agreement to settle A's claim
by instalments or if this is impracticable C will return
Bb to A and A will pay up C's claims.
00
Note (J): —The above rules apply also to simple cases as
between A and B.
N'ote (2);—If a sailor B applies to Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. A for an ad
vance saying that he has been a sailor of C but is not
in C's debt, A must not rely on B's statement but must
accept whatever C says.
Note (i):—No claims can be made on the sea as it may lead
to disputes and fighting. A must lay his claims on
shore for settlement on their merits before the Salifah
Court.
Note (2): —Should C produce a certificate from B or Bb's
chief as regards instalments, etc., such a certificate is
no bar to the recovery of old debts according to the
diving rule (in this instance) and C is bound to pay
what is due to A.

About this item

Content

The volume comprises two printed documents. The first is guidelines for the manumission of slaves, printed by the British Government’s Foreign Office Press, and issued to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire. Part one of the guidelines is for the Persian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . It outlines the authorities (treaties) for manumission, grounds for manumission, and the procedures for manumission. The second part of the guidelines deals with the Arabian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Bahrain, Muscat and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. are dealt with separately.

The second printed document in the file is a set of guidelines for dealing with the various scenarios in which economic disputes might arise between captains, divers and merchants in the pearling industry in the Gulf. The guidelines are for use by British agents and representatives in Bahrain, Kuwait, Bandar-e Lengeh and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. . The emphasis in the rules is on the honouring of debts as a means to ensuring the financial stability of the pearling industry, and sets out the obligations of divers to their captains, duties of captains to their divers, captains to other captains regarding loans, and captains to their debtors.

Extent and format
1 volume (21 folios)
Arrangement

Two separate printed reports with their own pagination systems, bound together into one file. No chronology.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume is foliated in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . The two printed reports that comprise the volume each have their own internal pagination systems.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎13v] (33/50), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/234, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023399489.0x000022> [accessed 6 April 2020]

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