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'File 9/4 Bahrain Reforms. Introduction of Reforms in Bahrain' [‎59v] (135/224)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (98 folios). It was created in 30 Dec 1921-27 Jul 1924. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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i
to Your Honour and also the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrein. You were kind enough
to assure us and all our community of peace ana tranquility and completed
your kindness by your coming to Bahrein where we all expressed our thanks
to you and rest assured by the actions of the High (iovernment. But it did
not last long and on Tuesday night 1st Jamadi II, 13 12 (=8-l-1924i), a party
of A1 Khalifah attacked the village of Sitrah, killed three men and wounded
two who are in danger. We informed the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and asked for a
Doctor to inspect the murdered and wounded men.
As the mail steamer was present and we were in hurry to bring this
incident to Your Honour's notice we despatched our petition to Your Honour
through our representatives.
In conclusion, we inform you that we are all in narrow circumstances
and in danger and have no shelter except God and the justice of the High
GoTernment. We beg you to support us quickly. We hope to present a
petition to you in detail by post.
MOHSIN BEN ABDOLLAH BEN
HAJAB.
SAIYED MOHAMAD ALBALADI.
ABDOR EASUL BEN EAJAB.
ABDOL A LI BEN EAJAB.
ABDUL A LI BEN RAJAB.
MEHDI BEN AHMAD BEN SAIF.
HOSAIN BEN MADHOOB.
MATROOK BEN MOHAMAD.
HAJI ALI BEN HASAN.
SAIYID MOHAMAD BEN
SAIYID HOSAIN.
From the Hon'ble Lieutenant-Colonel A. P. Trevor, C.S.L,
O.T.E., Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , to the Bahaknah
Community, Signatories to the TW r o petitions dated 1st and 5th
Jamadi II, through their representatives Haji Mehdi bin Saip
and Mulla Hassan bin Sheikh, and any others of the Shiah
Community of Bahrein whom it may concern, dated Bushiee, the
16 th January 1924.
After compliments. —I have received your short petition, dated 1st
Jamadi II and also your long petition, dated 5th idem, with several
hundred signatures. I was exceedingly sorry to hear from the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency.
on 2nd Jamadi II (9th January) of this second outrage at Sitrah and imme
diately reported the whole case to the High Government by telegram, and
asked the Captain of a man-of-war to proceed to Bahrein, and I tried to
proceed there myself hut was not able to do so as no ship was available at the
moment. I am now awaiting the orders of the High Government.
I agree that the outrage is a very serious one and hope that it may be
possible for the Sheikh to appreiiend and punish the offenders, and assure you
that any assistance I can give to His Excellency towards doing so will be
gladly accorded.
As 1^informed your representatives the tyrannies of generations cannot be
removed in a lew weeks without extraordinary drastic remedies which it is not
feasible to apply. It is only step by step that good government can be intro
duced.

About this item

Content

The volume contains printed copies of Government of India confidential correspondence, relating to the Bahrain reforms. The majority of the letters contained in volume are printed copies of correspondence originally sent to the Government of India either by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur Trevor or Acting Resident Lieutenant-Colonel Stuart Knox), or the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain (Major Clive Daly). Much of the correspondence featured in the volume can be found in the original (or as office copies) in a number of files in the two Bahrain Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. subsubseries ‘File 9 Bahrain Reforms’ (IOR/R/15/2/127-138) and ‘File 8 Miscellaneous’ (IOR/R/15/2/121-126), and the Bushire Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. subsubseries ‘File 19 Bahrain’ (IOR/R/15/1/314-77).

The printed correspondence contained in the volume covers a range of subjects:

  • Events leading up to the programme of reforms carried out in Bahrain: allegations of the oppression of Bahraini subjects by members of the Āl Khalīfah family, violence, the deteriorating economic situation;
  • The reforms proposed and implemented by British officials: replacement of Shaikh ‘Īsá by Shaikh Ḥamad as defacto ruler, economic reforms, judicial reforms, pearl diving industry reforms, customs house reforms;
  • Specific incidents of violence involving Sunnis and Shias, or Najdis and Persians.

Some of the papers in the volume are accompanied by duplicate copies:

  • Folios 61-64 are duplicates of folios 57-60;
  • Folios 68-69 are duplicates of folios 66-67;
  • Folios 81-84 are duplicates of folios 77-80.
Extent and format
1 volume (98 folios)
Arrangement

The volume's contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, starting with the earliest items at the front and finishing with the latest items at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume is foliated from the front cover to the inside back cover, using uncircled pencil numbers in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . Most of the items in the volume are printed items that have their own internal pagination systems, using printed numbers in the top-right corners of recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. pages and the top-left corners of verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. pages, or centred at the top of both verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. and recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. pages. The following foliation anomalies occur: 1a, 1b, 1c, 1d, 1e, 1f.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 9/4 Bahrain Reforms. Introduction of Reforms in Bahrain' [‎59v] (135/224), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/131, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023403812.0x000088> [accessed 28 January 2020]

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