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'File 19/109 II (C 17) Bahrain: Relations of Chief with other Foreign Powers' [‎177r] (359/534)

The record is made up of 1 volume (267 folios). It was created in 27 Jan 1913-5 Dec 1922. It was written in English, Arabic and Farsi. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Confidential No 0 //G t
. B:-Hilit SUIKIICT. •
The Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. Bahrain.
8 « * M «
ISsS.O-l Hon T ble the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Griilf,
Memorandum.# I have mentioned to you that the behaviour of the Sultan*
of Uajd *3 agent here has A somewhat unsatisfactory .An incident has re
cently occurrxed from which it id fairly obvious the he places his
personal considerations before those of Bin aaud,and is inclined to
abuse his influence and the use of Bin Saud's name.
Shortly after I first arrived here,nearly all the merchants
of Bahrain came and protested against a customs regulation,by which all
except Qosaibi^and about one other Uajd merchant,were prohibited from
benixitting tfcpom the reduced customs charges on goods for transhipment
to Qatif and Ojair* This in fact conferred on him the monopoly of the
trade since noone else / paying full customs, rates could compete with him.
On going into the matter I discovered that it was due to
the customs officials having misunderstood instructions issued by you,
when the new scheme was introduced,and was obviously an error# The
matter was therefore put right and the reduiced charges brought into
force on all genuine transhipped consignments. This naturally affected
Khan Bahadur Qosaibi,who came to me in a state of excitement and
adopted a threatening tone and was altogether extremely rude. He said
Bin Saud should hear about it & he was sure he would not put up with it
etc. I explained that the matter in no way affected Bin Saud except
to stimulate trade and competition as regards imports into %jd which
was^ highly to his benifit,and that under no circumstances could I
ateit Qosaibi to drag Bin 3aud into Bahrain affairs purely because
he personally did not lilce a customs regulation which was fair to all,
and did not give him personally an unfair advantage over others.
He took the hint and since then has always been more polite,although ~
as in the matter of the Pallnurus' visit to Qatif f he seldom tries to
help,^ on that occasion would undoubtedly have put obstacles in the
way,had I not personally gone to see the Amir of Qatif,a visit of
Which Cjoaaibi aid not approve.He is not deairoas of a port being opened

About this item


This file contains correspondence about a number of topics regarding the relations of Bahrain and its ruler, Shaikh Isa bin Ali Al Khalifa, with foreign powers.

The correspondence discusses the ownership of land by foreigners in Bahrain, Persian claims to sovereignty over Bahrain, the status of natives of the Al Hasa region living in Bahrain, Shaikh Isa's contact with the Turkish (Ottoman) Government regarding the port of Ojair and Bahrain's claims to sovereignty over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. .

The file also discusses the activities of Bin Saud's agent in Bahrain, Abdullah Al Qusaibi. The file contains two maps (folio 100 and folio113) of Bahrain and the surrounding area with key regional ports marked on them.

Extent and format
1 volume (267 folios)

There is an index of the topics contained in the file on folio 1. The index uses the circled foliation system.

Physical characteristics

Previously a bound correspondence volume, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose. Foliation starts at the index page to the file. Numbers are written in pencil, circled and positioned in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of the folios. A secondary foliation system is also present starting on f.2 that runs to f.262. These numbers are also written in pencil and are positioned in the same corner as the primary system, but are not circled.

Written in
English, Arabic and Farsi in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/109 II (C 17) Bahrain: Relations of Chief with other Foreign Powers' [‎177r] (359/534), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/319, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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