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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953' [‎19r] (42/222)

The record is made up of 1 volume (107 folios). It was created in c 1953. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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25
and asked that his Financial Adviser Beigrave, should also be allowed to participate
in the discussions. A conversation accordingly took place at the Foreign Office and
an undertaking was given that His Majesty's Government would use their good
offices as far as possible to bring about an agreement between the two Rulers.C 8 )
36. In August 1949 Shaikh Abdullah of Qatar abdicated and it was hoped
that his successor Ali might prove more amenable on the subject of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. . An
early approach was made to him but he asked that the matter should be postponed
for a time. Meanwhile Salman again became restive and at the end of the year
demanded that Petroleum Concessions Ltd. should cease the use of their jetty at
Sitrah for traffic to and from Qatar but was persuaded to lift this embargo. In
January 1950 he went to see the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and demanded that either he
should be told that he had no rights in Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. or that His Majesty's Government
should force the Ruler of Qatar to observe the 1944 agreement. Very shortly after
this the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. succeeded in bringing about an unwritten understanding
between the two Rulers as a result of which the dispute remained dormant for
nearly three years.( 4,J ) Ali of Qatar agreed that Salman's retainers might come to the
Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. area without being subject to customs duties or any supervision provided
they were " specified " and that they brought supplies only for their own use. They
would come under Qatar jurisdiction. He would open the fort there and leave it
empty. Salman should reduce the discriminatory 5 per cent, duty on goods in
transit to Qatar to the 2 per cent, charged on goods in transit to other countries,
should allow freedom of movement between Bahrain and Qatar, and should build
nothing in the Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. area. Salman issued proclamations removing restrictions
on travel by his subjects to Qatar and reducing the duty on goods in transit to
Qatar to 2 per cent. He also forwarded to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. lists of the people he
was sending over to Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. . He would not agree that they should come under
Qatar jurisdiction and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. wrote to Ali to the effect that if any
dispute arose as a result of the arrangement made it would be better that it should
be referred to the political authorities for a decision. In the course of the
correspondence the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. gave an assurance to Ali that neither the Ruler
of Bahrain nor any of his dependants would undertake any building in the Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha.
area. This was presumably based on an oral understanding reached with Salman
who, the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. reported, had with difficulty been persuaded to give up
insisting on his right to " properties " in Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. . The negotiations nearly broke
down because Ali for a time insisted on leaving two watchmen in the fort. It was
eventually arranged that the fort should remain locked and that the two watchmen
should live in a tent near by.
37. Although Salman quickly dropped the practice of sending to the Political
Agent lists of his people who were going to Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. the dispute remained dormant
and relations between Bahrain and Qatar were satisfactory until February 1953,
when a party of Bahrain schoolboys accompanied by schoolmasters, some of whom
were foreigners, went on an excursion to Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and inscribed " A1 Bahrain " in
large letters on the walls of the fort.i 30 ) About the same time the Bahrain Education
Department published an annual report containing a map which showed Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha.
as included in Bahrain territory.( 5] ) This infuriated Ali who established a small
police post in a tent close to the fort. Salman demanded the removal of the police
post as contrary to the agreements of 1944 and 1950, but efforts to persuade Ali to
restore the status quo failed.
38. Salman raised the Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. question in interviews with the Prime Minister
and the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs when he visited the United Kingdom
for Her Majesty's Coronation in June 195 3.( 52 ) He was told that the new Political
Resident, who was then being appointed to the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , would study the whole
question on his arrival there and the possibility of some form of arbitration was
suggested. Salman replied that he would accept a British arbitrator.
39. Arbitration by some local Arab personality such as the Ruler of Kuwait or
of Umm al Qaiwain had been suggested by the outgoing Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. ,( 53 ) and
the Ruler of Kuwait himself subsequently indicated that he would be willing to help
(48)
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46639
E 10990/1084/91 of October 12, 1949.
Despatch 38 of May 5, 1950 (EA 1084/6 of 1950).
1089/6/53 of March 20, 1953 (EA 1017/1 of 1953).
1089/27/53 of April 23, 1953 (EA 1017/3 of 1953).
Despatch 107 of July 3, 1953 (EA 1057/3 of 1953).
1089/35/53 of May 14, 1953 (EA 1017/47 of 1953).
/ y /o
E 2

About this item

Content

The document provides historical information on the region during the period in question and, following a section on general matters, has separate sections on Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, the Trucial States, and Muscat

Extent and format
1 volume (107 folios)
Arrangement

There is a table of contents at the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the front cover and terminates at 109 on the back cover. These numbers are written in pencil, are enclosed in a circle, and appear in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. The foliation sequence continues into the separate volume of appendices and genealogical tables - IOR/R/15/1/731(2).

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English in Latin script
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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953' [‎19r] (42/222), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/731(1), in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023415995.0x00002b> [accessed 19 October 2019]

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