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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953' [‎20r] (44/222)

The record is made up of 1 volume (107 folios). It was created in c 1953. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Mtti exploration parties but as shortly afterwards exploration was closed down for the
, ore ^ duration of the war the matter was left pending until exploration was resumed in
1946. In May of that year the company asked for permission to operate in certain
newlieit areas some of which it was considered might eventually be found to belong to
iMuciiit Qatar. His Majesty's Government decided that they could not be permitted to
iucatioi operate in these areas until there had been a division of the sea-bed between
ml Bahrain and Qatar and expressed the opinion that it was desirable to lay down a
lan y dividing line at a fairly early date. They reserved the right to decide the exact
fribanl location of the line but stated that the agreement of the interested parties was
avoidd desirable. In Anglo-United States talks in November 1946 it was decided that the
Polity matter should be treated as an ordinary boundary question without raising the
di^ general question of the continental shelf.
daimd 43. Details of the dividing line were discussed during 1947 and the decision
olicyto reached with the approval of His Majesty's Government was announced to the
sm into two Rulers and the two oil companies concerned in December of that year
in wers (Appendix E). The decision was based on a median line conforming generally to
Imitted the configuration of the coast-line of the Bahrain main island, and the Qatar
aredb) peninsula. The Dibal and Jaradah shoals, which were found to lie to the east
thertk of this line, were assigned to Bahrain, as it was decided that that State had
established sovereignty over them, and the line was bent to include the Hawar
Islands which had been awarded to Bahrain in 1939 (paragraph 41 above). With
regard to the two shoals it was stated that His Majesty's Government were of
opinion that they should not be considered to be islands having territorial waters.
This opinion was subsequently modified (paragraph 47 below). It was decided
that Janan Island which lies close to the Hawar group of islands but is separated
from them by a deep channel and which had not been specifically mentioned in
the 1939 decision was not part of the group and that it belonged to Qatar. At
.• a the conclusion it was stated that the decision was subject to revision in the event
Je oil more exact geographical data being forthcoming at a later date.
ar the 44. The Ruler of Qatar while asserting his claim to the Hawar Islands and
jf the the Dibal and Jaradah shoals expressed his readiness to accept His Majesty's
iin.( 57 ) Government's orders.( 65 ) The Ruler of Bahrain raised a number of objections, the
the most important of which concerned a map produced by Petroleum Concession
them. Limited in 1938 in the course of their negotiations for the additional area
hat he (paragraph 64 below). In this much of the sea-bed awarded to Qatar was shown
ijesty's within the area which was then the subject of negotiations. The Bahrain Petroleum
; recent Company supported the Ruler's objections and added some of their own and
rounds. Petroleum Concessions Limited also raised some objections. All the objections
ir-daim were carefully considered and replies sent to the Rulers and the companies in
Bahraia which they were discussed and rejected, and the addressees were asked to regard
1 11 an \ the award which had been communicated to them as final.( 6tl )
Jahraift 45 Salman replied on May 23, 1949 refusing to accept the award as final
ndetai: anc [ claiming the ownership of all the sea between Bahrain and Qatar.C 7 ) He
rcise 0' questioned His Majesty's Government's right to make a decision without reference
ing was to him. A strongly worded reply was drafted but never sent. In November 1949
jrnmeiit he wrote to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. with reference to the off-shore concession granted
nkswas by the Ruler of Qatar to the Superior Oil Company claiming sovereignty over
gret ani all the seas between Bahrain and Qatar and received a reply that this claim was not
Political admitted by His Majesty's Government.( ,18 ) In December 1950 the Bahrain Petroleum
I n ot ttf Company as a result of the activities of the Superior Oil Company, who had
obtained the Qatar off-shore concession, wrote to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. objecting
once more to the division of the sea-bed made in 1947. It then came to notice
that no reply had been sent to Salman's letter of May 23, 1949. The points raised
oreS tsof by him then and by the company in their recent letter were replied to in letters
ates ^ addressed to them on May 14, 1951 and both were again informed that the 1947
. panys decision would not be altered, except that the company only were told that His
Majesty's Government had found it necessary to reconsider their opinion that
( 62 ) I.O. to F.O. Ext. 4225/46 of July 3, 1946 (E 1273/3245/91 of 1946).
( 63 ) I.O. to F.O. Ext. 4952/46 of August 3, 1946 (E 7701/3245/91 of 1946).
( 64 ) (E 2870/716/91 of 1947.)
( 65 ) Tel. from P.R. to F.O. 11, Saving, of April 28, 1948 (E 5382/276/91 of 1948).
( 6b ) P.R. to F.O. Despatch 33 of May 7, 1949 (E 6151/1271 /91 of 1949).
( 67 ) P.R. to F.O. 187/9/49 of June 17, 1949 (E 8007/1271/91 of 1949).
( 68 ) P.R. to F.O. 146/1/50 of January 12, 1950 (EA 1276/4 of 1950).

About this item


The document provides historical information on the region during the period in question and, following a section on general matters, has separate sections on Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, the Trucial States, and Muscat

Extent and format
1 volume (107 folios)

There is a table of contents at the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the front cover and terminates at 109 on the back cover. These numbers are written in pencil, are enclosed in a circle, and appear in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. The foliation sequence continues into the separate volume of appendices and genealogical tables - IOR/R/15/1/731(2).

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English in Latin script
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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953' [‎20r] (44/222), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/731(1), in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 12 November 2019]

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