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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953' [‎24v] (53/222)

The record is made up of 1 volume (107 folios). It was created in c 1953. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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anxious to avoid entanglement in local in its domestic
Government do not welcome too much , most iy undeserved, in the Bahrain
affairs.( 141 ) They have been subjected to attacks, ^ A, to what they are do i ng
journals, and have not hitherto given Public Relations Office. They
for their local employees but have n0 ^ set f ^ trikes They maintain elaborate
treat their labour well and there havebe raised their minimum wage by
cost-of-living statistics andbetweenlW 7 and^lOSB ra^ iocai ^
successive stages from Rs. 2 to ^^ , • each direction, the cost being
their homes and transport 18 P r0Vld< ; h - h is oiven to them in addition to their
deducted from a transport allowance whic ^ ho j f them at Awali where
wages. The company have recently bmlt a schoo^ eV ening classes for
English, arithmetic and typewriting are g . "on the iob " and some
them in Manamah. Technical trammg is car^ A thrift
contributes the same amount as
b^^'n the ^ommunkies ^are^TOd'thonglTrtie'^British sometimes complain because
they are not paid at the same rates as the Americans.
if, Tn 1953 the daily production from the field was about 30,000 barrels an
.he £y "foSf rl t'oV refinery .bo»r 200,000, P.ynrenrs ro .he
Ruler during the year were expected to amount to £2,575,000.
VI.—Relations with other States
(a) The Gulf States
77 The Ruler is on good terms with all the Gulf States except Qatar. He has
exchanged visits with the present Ruler of Kuwait and with his predecessor, and
the Rulers of the Trucial States usually stay with him when they visit Bahrain His
relations with Qatar are conditioned by the position at the time regarding Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha.
(Section III above) but apart from this he has a poor opinion of Shaikh All ana
greatly resents his superior wealth.
(b) Saudi Arabia
78. In 1928 the compiler of the Historical Summary of Events 1907-1928
wrote • " There is no evidence at the moment of a more positive interest in Bahrain
on the part of Ibn Saud: but there is little question that he and the Wahabi
movement and not Persia are the real danger, that as matters stand he is our
natural successor if we abandon our present position in Bahrain (and) that his power
is appreciated and feared by the Shaikhs"! 142 ) This is still broadly true though up
to the end of 1953 the Saudis had shown no signs of any aggressive designs on
Bahrain and the only matters then at issue with them were the division of the
sea-bed between the two States and the ownership of the Bainah Islands (Section IV
(c) above). Personal relations between the Rulers of Bahrain and Ibn Saud and his
successor have been cordial. Salman undoubtedly reveres and fears the Saudi
ruling family and is anxious not to offend them but at the same time is unlikely to
concede to them anything which he regards as his by right especially if his attitude
has Her Majesty's Government's support. Ibn Saud visited Bahrain in 1930 and
1939 and Rulers of Bahrain visited him from time to time.
79. One Abdul Aziz al Qusaibi was until shortly before his death in
1953 the unofficial Saudi Trade Agent in Bahrain and in the early part of
the period under review he and his brothers controlled most of the trade between
Bahrain and Saudi Arabia and committed a number of arbitrary acts. The
( 141 ) P.R. to F.O. Despatch 48 of June 15, 1949 (E 7969/10111 /91 of 1949).
( 142 ) Para. 39 at p. 71, P.G. 13.

About this item


The document provides historical information on the region during the period in question and, following a section on general matters, has separate sections on Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, the Trucial States, and Muscat

Extent and format
1 volume (107 folios)

There is a table of contents at the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the front cover and terminates at 109 on the back cover. These numbers are written in pencil, are enclosed in a circle, and appear in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. The foliation sequence continues into the separate volume of appendices and genealogical tables - IOR/R/15/1/731(2).

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English in Latin script
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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953' [‎24v] (53/222), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/731(1), in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 October 2019]

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