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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953' [‎28v] (61/222)

The record is made up of 1 volume (107 folios). It was created in c 1953. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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and they accepted an arrangement whereby Bahrain would be included on an
informal basis within his jurisdiction without any exequation being granted. (In
1945 this arrangement was extended to include Muscat, Qatar and the Trucial
Coast.) Salman expressed much alarm when he was intormed ol the arrangement.
He stated that he did not wish British influence to be shared with anyone and that
in no circumstances would he agree to Persian or Saudi Arabian representation in
Bahrain.^ 05 )
102. In 1947 the United States Navy began to take an interest in the Persian
Gulf. A heavy cruiser visited Bahrain, Admiral Conolly and another American
Admiral arriving there at the same time by air. After the anti-Jewish riots in
December 1947, when action was threatened against the Bahrain Petroleum
Company if they did not get rid of a few Jews whom they employed, a United States
Navy tanker was for some time stationed at Sitrah. At this time two United States
Naval Officers resided with the oil company, one a general Liaison Officer and the
other a technical officer concerned with oil matters. In 1948 a United States
aircraft-carrier visited Bahrain and owing to the feeling against the United States
over the Palestine question most of the local merchants refused to attend a party to
which they were invited on board. In 1949 a Captain was appointed Commander
of a United States Middle East Force consisting of one ship which is relieved every
four months. It has its headquarters in the Gulf and by arrangement with the
Royal Navy shares the facilities and amenities at Jufair, which has in effect become
its base. In 1951 the Captain was replaced by a Rear-Admiral.
'03. In 1951 a United States Naval Control Office was established at Jufair.
I he Ruler was consulted and informed that the number of personnel concerned
was 10. He agreed but subsequently called attention to the fact that a substantial
number oi American Naval Officers and men were living in Manamah and enquired
whether there was any limit to the number of American naval personnel who were
to be stationed there. Although at that time the number of Naval Control Office
personnel which had been intimated to him had not been exceeded some other
American naval personnel were residing in Manamah. J he position was explained
to him in detail in March 1952( ) since when nothing further has been heard from
nim on the subject. In December 1952 the total number of American naval
personnel residing in Bahrain was reported by the United States authorities to be
24. Early in 195- tne United States Commander Middle East Forces intimated that
he was thinking of applying tor a lease ol a portion of the Naval Base at Jufair with
a view to constructing residential and office accommodation and refrigerated
storage In spite of local objections both the Admiralty and the Foreign Office were
inclined to agree to this proposal but the latter wished to obtain an assurance from
the Amencans that they would not increase the number of their naval D^rsonnel in
Bahrain without prior consultation with Her Majesty's Government In March
h'tI f . Aniencans abandoned, at any rate for the time being their
wish to bm d at Jufair as accommodation had become easier to obtain in Manamah
and a local commercial organisation was expected to begin the construction of
refrigeration facilities in the near future.(=»') In October 1953 an American Naval
Captain was appointed to reside permanently on shore at Bahrain.
104. Since the last war many American high-ranking Defence Service Offirers
Senators, diplomats, oil magnates and warships have vfsited Bahr Jn R^bHnm
with the Americans both as regards the Rriti^h f i fu ^ eiat i 1( J ns
people have on the whole beef hap^ Carded
Hoarding whkh a ZZ cou XIZI reSpeCtmS the Bnti^position 1 matte'
to observe the local ScS to have".™ I They are Careful
of the Gulf Rulers pay the first call on the Commandma r)ffi PraCllC f e ^ he, ^y. som . e
ships, but the Commanding Officers of United States shim l f Majesty s
pay the first call on the Rulers ( 109 ) A1 thou oh Hnr- i foreigners in all cases
feeling about the exercise by the Brifeh amhoritl?. g f theWar there was some
in Bahrain and a proposal was made that fh ■ Rni 0 !l u " s diction over Americans
American judge to try AlncanTrhVn'l-:^^ U lfI.. S . hoUl f 1 , be as ked to appoint an
American judge to try Americans, the position is now "adliy'™^ 1 ;^ 1
g pSAoF.O. Of 1944).
R (EA -3,

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The document provides historical information on the region during the period in question and, following a section on general matters, has separate sections on Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, the Trucial States, and Muscat

Extent and format
1 volume (107 folios)

There is a table of contents at the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the front cover and terminates at 109 on the back cover. These numbers are written in pencil, are enclosed in a circle, and appear in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. The foliation sequence continues into the separate volume of appendices and genealogical tables - IOR/R/15/1/731(2).

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English in Latin script
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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953' [‎28v] (61/222), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/731(1), in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 October 2019]

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