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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953' [‎66v] (137/222)

The record is made up of 1 volume (107 folios). It was created in c 1953. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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120
CHAPTER 4
QATAR
I.—General
1. Her Majesty's Government 's relations with Qatar ^
of 1916. When this was signed Sir Percy Cox agreed
Articles should be held in abeyance. One of these ga J . i c^o .u.
the right to appoint a Political Officer to Qatar. It w ® s U p o fficer ^
the three Articles were brought into force and a Br Political Aeent
appointed with his headquarters at Dohah. In '"eMwhile the Pol^ca Agent
in Bahrain had been responsible for dealings with Std .^
still works nominally under his supervision, though dun g L c ^ , J . f
Bahrain Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. has often been little more than a channel of
correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and the Political Ofhcer so far as
political matters are concerned. Sir Roger Makins when he visited tne eTsian u
in 1952 recommended that the Political Officer should report dnect to the Political
Resident^ 1 ) and the raising of the status of the post to that ot Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in
direct subordination to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. was approved in principle in 1953.
2. Qatar has a population which probably does not exceed 25,000 and until
1949 was of little importance. Since that year with the rapidly increasing
production of oil it has attracted more attention and efforts have been directed to
ensuring a reasonable standard of administration and the proper disposal of the
large revenue accruing,
3. In the instructions issued in 1953 to the new incumbent of the post of
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. the objectives of Her Majesty's Government in Qatar are defined
as follows: —
(i) to maintain the existing relationship between Her Majesty's Government
and the Ruler of Qatar based on treaty and usage;
(ii) to ensure stable conditions for the production of oil;
(hi) to ensure that the revenues accruing to the State are disbursed, or invested,
in a manner consonant with the interests of the United Kingdom;
(iv) to build up the authority and influence of the British advisers and to create
a sound administration in the State;
(v) to determine finally the Qatar-Saudi-Abu Dhabi frontier;
(vi) to create friendly relations between Qatar, the neighbouring British-
Protected States and Saudi Arabia/ 2 )
II.—Internal Affairs
4, Shaikh Abdullah bin Qasim (Jasim) al Thani became Shaikh of Dohah and
the Turkish Qaim-Maqam there about 1906 long before his father's death. To what
extent he was able to exercise his authority over his relations and especially over his
elder brother Abdur Rahman at Wakrah is doubtful but on the departure of the
Turks from Dohah early in the First World War he was recognised by His
Majesty's Government as Ruler and in 1916 a TreatyO was concluded with him.
The Al Thani were originally a family of pearl merchants and their wealth before the
grant of an oil concession in 1935 was derived almost entirely from the pearl trade,
the State revenues being very meagre. After the First World War Abdullah was
granted the C.I.E. and a salute of seven guns together with the title of His
Excellency. He was an astute Ruler and obstinate and difficult to deal with.
5. In the Historical Summary of Events for 1907 to 1928 practically the only
references to Qatar subsequent to 1916 concern the State's relations with Ibn Saud.O
Between 1928 and 1949 there is little on record in the reports about the State that
is not concerned either with these relations or with the oil concession There is
mention of a few slave cases and of quarrels between members of the ruling family
(*) Para. 13 {d) at p. 6, Sir R. iMakins' Report.
( 3 ) P.O. to P.R. Despatch 125 of July 24, 1953 (EA 1053/8 of 195^
O No. 1 HI, T.C.
( 4 ) Para. 10 at p. 88, P.G. 13.

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Content

The document provides historical information on the region during the period in question and, following a section on general matters, has separate sections on Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, the Trucial States, and Muscat

Extent and format
1 volume (107 folios)
Arrangement

There is a table of contents at the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the front cover and terminates at 109 on the back cover. These numbers are written in pencil, are enclosed in a circle, and appear in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. The foliation sequence continues into the separate volume of appendices and genealogical tables - IOR/R/15/1/731(2).

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English in Latin script
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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953' [‎66v] (137/222), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/731(1), in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023415995.0x00008a> [accessed 15 October 2019]

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