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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953' [‎78r] (160/222)

The record is made up of 1 volume (107 folios). It was created in c 1953. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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TO
143
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in a formal ceremony held at Sharjah on May 1, 1951, after Saqr
had undertaken in writing to be bound by all the agreements entered into by his
father, to spend the income received in respect of his oil agreement in the interests
of his people and to accept the advice of the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in matters concerning
the government of his Shaikhdom( 6 ). He was born in 1924 and owing to his close
association with the Royal Air Force at Sharjah during and after the last war has
acquired a more modern outlook than the other Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. Rulers and a
smattering of English. Although he has an exaggerated idea of his own importance,
he appears to take a genuine interest in the welfare of his State and people and
should prove a good ruler. Like other rulers he has had much trouble with other
members of his family over the question of their allowances. By 1953 he appeared
to have pacified his brothers but had reached no final settlement with his uncle
Muhammad, the previous acting Ruler. The latter had refused to accept what was
offered him and paid one or two visits to Ibn Saud to publicise his dissatisfaction
and obtain largesse.
23. As already related (paragraph 2 above) after the death in 1866 of the
famous Sultan bin Saqr his domains were divided amongst his four sons and separate
branches of the family were established at Sharjah, Ras al Khaimah, Dibah and
KalbaO- Ras al Khaimah has at times been united to Sharjah but has been
recognised as an independent State since 1921. Dibah and Kalba were for long
virtually independent of Sharjah but were not recognised as such because there was
no necessity for doing so. There was talk of establishing an airfield at Dibah in
the early thirties of this century but it came to nothing, and when a separate
Shaikhdom of Kalba was recognised it was regarded as being part of it. It is now
regarded as being part of Sharjah though its Shaikh refused to admit this when
the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. visited the place in 1953. His Majesty's Government were
compelled to recognise Shaikh Sa id bin Hamad as independent Ruler of Kaiba
in 1936 in order to obtain the right to establish an emergency landing-ground
there Sa'id died in the following year leaving a minor son Hamad and the people
of Kalba elected Khalid bin Ahmad, who had previously been Ruler of Sharjah
as Regent and he was formally recognised as such. Owing to increasing age and
infirmity he in due course left the affairs of Kalba in the hands of a dissolute
nephew called Humaid bin Abdullah. In 1948 the people of Kalba revolted
against Humaid and agreed to the appointment of another member of the Qasimi
family as Regent. Before he could be officially recognised Humaid succeeded m
re-establishing his power. In 1950 he died and as Hamad bm Sa id had come of
age the Regency was abolished and he was recognised as Ruler, one of he
conditions of recognition being the payment of a pension to the ex-Regent Khalid.
In 1951 Hamad was assassinated by Saqr, son of Sultan bin Sahrn the ex-Ruler
Of Pac nl Khaimah The rest of the Qasimi family failed to take any action
Mm™" he sulceed^d in .sl.bli.hi.,
m.ie i ...
branch ot the Qasimi family naQDeco ^ ^ to
with the • ith shariah. Her Majesty's Government sanctioned the
incorporate Kaiba aga , J usur ner but with the assistance of the Sultfm
use of force if "ecessary to expel th^usurpei but w^ ^ ^ ^ ^ peacefu f ly
of Muscat pressure w s = 5 u i tan 0 f sharjah took over the place and
withdrew from Kalba and Saqr ^ f Itan^f | J of ^
appointed one of his uncles in respect 0 f Ka i ba territory ail the
undertaken m writing to accep ^ recogn i tion as Ruler of sharjah in 1951, to
• tolis# conditions he had . ^ tc ® p Khalid dm - m ahis life-time, not to claim more territory
Lrf continue the P e "S lon t . 0 R ^nt had claimed when he was recognised in 1937 and
for Kalba than the ex g M • t , Government to determine the land and
to recognise the rfW sLikhdom.( 8 ) The ex-Regent Khalid died
sea-bed boundaries ot th n » ns ; orl ceased. The Ruler of Kalba made no
in 1953 and the payment ea . be( j w hile a separate Shaikhdom existed, and
declaration of rights over bea wn sh in ]949 now
the point not™t been raised.
applies to the Ka Shaikhdom of Sharjah are as yet undefined,
24. The boundaries of the Sha km ^ ^ bound ^
though negotiations have been starieu
(') P.R. 1 to I K6 T C 10112/48 of December 6, 1951 (EA 10111/4 of 1951).
( 8 ) No. 17 IV, T.C. ^
46639

About this item

Content

The document provides historical information on the region during the period in question and, following a section on general matters, has separate sections on Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, the Trucial States, and Muscat

Extent and format
1 volume (107 folios)
Arrangement

There is a table of contents at the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the front cover and terminates at 109 on the back cover. These numbers are written in pencil, are enclosed in a circle, and appear in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. The foliation sequence continues into the separate volume of appendices and genealogical tables - IOR/R/15/1/731(2).

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English in Latin script
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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953' [‎78r] (160/222), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/731(1), in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023415995.0x0000a1> [accessed 14 November 2018]

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