Three astronomical commentaries

Add MS 23397

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The record is made up of Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. ii+364+iii. It was created in 822-828. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

About this record


Collection of three astronomical commentaries from the 14th and 15th centuries.

A bibliographical note in English appears on f. 1r, and ff. 2r-3r contain astronomical notes and diagrams.

A number of related notes on scraps of paper have been bound into the volume.


(1) al-Jurjānī, ʿAlī ibn Muḥammad (الجرجاني، علي بن محمد), Sharḥ al-Mulakhkhaṣ fī al-hayʾah (شرح الملخص في الهيئة) (ff. 4v-52r);

(2) al-Turkmānī, Kamāl al-Dīn (التركماني، كمال الدين), Sharḥ al-Mulakhkhaṣ fī al-hayʾah (شرح الملخص في الهيئة) (ff. 53v-109r);

(3) al-Nīsābūrī, al-Ḥasan ibn Muḥammad (النيسابوري، الحسن بن محمد), Tawḍīḥ al-Tadhkirah al-N āṣirīyah (توضيح التذكرة الناصرية) (ff. 110v-364v).

Extent and format
Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. ii+364+iii
Physical characteristics

Material: Paper

Dimensions: 215 x 125 mm leaf [157 x 85 mm written]

Foliation: British Museum foliation in pencil

Ruling: Misṭarah ; 27 lines per page; vertical spacing 18 lines per 10 cm

Script: Nasta‘līq

Ink: Black ink, with rubricated headings and overlinings in red

Decoration: Mandorla of blue and gold ink containing inscription in gold (erased) on red field (f. 4r); opening illuminated in blue and gold (ff. 4v-5r);

Binding: Red leather binding with blind tooled medallion and pendants, and two borders of two fillets each, containing stars

Condition: Minor waterstains to upper outer corner, some foxing

Marginalia: Many by various hands

Seals: ff. 4r and 110r.

Written in
Arabic in Arabic script

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: Oriental Manuscripts
Access conditions


Archive reference
Add MS 23397

History of this record

822-828 (AH, Hijri qamari)
Immediate source of acquisition

Purchased from Mrs Taylor, widow of Colonel Robert Taylor (1788-1852), Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Baghdad (1828-43), 14 April 1860

Related material

Finding aids

Cureton, William and Charles Rieu, Catalogus codicum manuscriptorum orientalium qui in Museo Britannico asservantur. Pars secunda, codices arabicos amplectens (London: The British Museum, 1846-71), Item 1342, p. 621

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Three astronomical commentaries, British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, Add MS 23397, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 10 December 2023]

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