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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1625] (142/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Of events in the Perso-Arabian province of •'Arabistan, which has
generally been under Persian influence but is inhabited principally by
1 Arabs^ we have little information until the middle of the 18th century is
ibar . reached. The situation of the tract; isolated as it is from the neighs
bouring territories by mountains^ rivers or marshes, seems for long to
have protected it from the interference, unless occasional, of Persian
ai in Tmu and Turkish officials.
icial 'Oiaj, 17TH CENTURY *
" In 1604, when the Portuguese Jew Pedro Teixeira passed up the Cond^on
Shatt-al-'Arab, the whole of the country immediately to the east of that i n
river was ruled by Mubarak-bin-Mutlub, an Arab chief who maintained
a claim to Basrah and was perpetually at war with the Turks. The
Turks had many forts or blockhouses upon the river to protect their
territory against raids by Mubarak^s subjects and the most important
among these, one of the functions of which was to secure the anchorage
of large ships visiting Basrah, was situated on the Persian side of the
stream at a point opposite Saraji, about three miles below Basrah. The
chief places in Mubarak's territory were Hawizeh, " Magdom }} (probably
Maqtu^ a place on the right bank of the Karun, twenty miles below the
present Nasiri), and Doraq (the modern Fallahiyeh); and from this fact
it would seem that he was one of the so-called "Walis of Hawizeh ^
who ruledt, the greater part of ^Arabistan before the rise of the Ka^ab
tribe. The plains of ^Arabistan adjoining the Shatt-al-^Arab lay at
* The chief general authority for the history of'Arabistan frooi 1600 to 1763 is
Mr- J. A. Saldanha 's Selections from State Papers, ^Bombay, regarding the East
India Company's connection with the Persian Qulf } with a Summary of Events,
1600—1800, printed in 1905. The Travels of Pedro Teixeira, 1902, referring to
1604, and the Travels ofSig. Pietro della Voile, 1665. referring to 1625, are of anti
quarian interest. The following are of value in connection with Ka ab affairs:
Niebuhr 's Description de VAralie, 1774, and Voyage en Arahie, 1776 ; Major
Rawlinson 's Memorandum on the Dispute between Turhey and Persia, 1844 , and
Ainsworth's Personal Narrative of the Euphrates Expedition, 1888.
t The legendary history of these Walis is related by Layard in his Description of
the Province of Khuzistdn, 1846.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1625] (142/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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