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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1635] (152/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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seven miles from the place of their landing \ } and it ended in a
midnio'lit retreat. The casualties however were small, consisting
of Lieutenant (not Captain) Nesbitt and a European gunner killed and
four others wounded.
Before this check occurred^ the Ka^ab Shaikh had opened a Negotiations
correspondence with the Agent and Council at Basrah, to whom he even and^ounc^
made proposals for an accommodation, and, in reply, he had been
informed of the British demands; but it was not believed that he Turks! and
had, as yet, any serious desire for a settlement.
The Agent and Council also endeavoured, without success, to induce 1766,
the Mutasallim During the eighteenth century this was the third most powerful official in Ottoman Iraq (after the Pasha and the Kiya). The title was given specifically to the Governor of Basra. of Basrah to take the field with his troops. The excuse
of that official was, at first, that he must await reinforcements which
would probably be sent him from Baghdad \ and, after the news of the
British reverse had been received, he declined to move on the ground
that the Kehiyah was actually on his way from the capital with a body of
troops, which proved to be the case. That the Turks were thus, in the
end, induced to move was probably due to an announcement by the
Agent that the services of the British squadron—some vessels of which
already stood in need of repairs, while sickness, though the hot weather
had not yet begun, was increasing on board—must, if continued beyond
the end of Jane, be paid for by the Turkish Government at the rate of
1,000 Tumans a month j and such was the anxiety of the Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. lest
he should be left to deal with the Ka'ab alone, or lest the Company's
factory An East India Company trading post. should be withdrawn, as was also threatened, from Basrah, that
he readily agreed to these somewhat* stringent terms. The Kehiyah,
Muhammad or Mahmud Agha, ultimately arrived at Basrah on the
25th of June, bringing with him about 1,500 men; and a few days
later he joined the Turkish camp, relieving the Mutasallim During the eighteenth century this was the third most powerful official in Ottoman Iraq (after the Pasha and the Kiya). The title was given specifically to the Governor of Basra. not only of
the command of the military forces but also of the principal civil or
political control.
A letter which the Agent addressed to Karim Khan, the Vakil Elected representative or attorney, acting in legal matters such as contracting marriage, inheritance, or business; a high-ranking legal official; could also refer to a custodian or administrator. of
Persia, requesting him not to afford asylum to any fugitive Ka'ab,
remained unanswered.
To trace with precision the movements of the forces employed in Turkish
'Arabistan is impossible; but it would seem that, while the British
operated from the side of Khor Musa, the Turks had their base July-August
* According to a letter from the Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , the rate fixed was in excess of the
actual cost of maintaining the squadron ; but there were, of course, other heavy
items of expense to the Company, such as wear and tear of ships and loss of
profitable employment.
113 A

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1635] (152/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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