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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1643] (160/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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have had hopes of active assistance from the tribe; and he even thought
it worth while to obtain an assurance from the British Agent tbat the
Ka'ab vessels ; if they came to take part in the defence of Basrah against
the Persians, should not be molested by the British squadron.
So far ; however, w T as the Ka^ab Shaikh from being at heart well
affected to the Turks that, on the arrival of a Turkish vessel^ the a Faiz
Islam/ ; at the mouth of the Shatt-al-^Arab, he despatched the whole of
his fleet, consisting of 14 Gallivats and 8 armed boats, to take her. The
Mutasallim During the eighteenth century this was the third most powerful official in Ottoman Iraq (after the Pasha and the Kiya). The title was given specifically to the Governor of Basra. of Basrah^ having received "notice of this movement, applied to
the British Agent for help; and the " Revenge ^ was immediately sent
to the spot. Arriving at the place on the 13th April 1774, she found the
"Faiz Islam" anchored outside the bar and the Ka'ab fleet inside it, in
which position they had been facing each other for three days; and, from
the circumstance that the Ka'ab Chiefs Vakil Elected representative or attorney, acting in legal matters such as contracting marriage, inheritance, or business; a high-ranking legal official; could also refer to a custodian or administrator. was withdrawn from
Basrah that very morning, it seems probable that, but for the opportune
appearance of the ^ Revenge,^ the ship would shortly have been attacked
by the Gallivats. The Ka'ab vanished at the sight o£ the British cruiser •
and the" Revenge <f and the a Faiz Islam, " in company, reached Basrah
safely on the 15th of April. The Ka^ab Shaikh then assumed a
threatening attitude, recalled his subjects from Basrah, whence they
withdrew on the evening of the 17th of April, and collected his fleet at
the mouth of the Karun; and it was suspected that, possibly at the
instigation of Karim Khan, he meditated a descent upon Basrah town,
or a night attack upon the British squadron stationed there ; but the
apparent crisis passed harmlessly over.
In January 1775, when fears of a Persian attack on Basrah had again
begun to be entertained, much alarm was caused there by the conduct of
the Ka'ab, who, in revenge for the execution by the Mutasallim During the eighteenth century this was the third most powerful official in Ottoman Iraq (after the Pasha and the Kiya). The title was given specifically to the Governor of Basra. of a robber
belonging' to their tribe, came up the river in small boats on several
nights in succession, entered the town in parties, and plundered private
houses, disappearing towards the morning with their booty. The Muta
sallim, to put a stop to these disorders, strengthened the town guard by
hiring Arabs from Zubair and compelling the citizens to take a share in
the duties of watch and ward; but the great extent of the town favoured
the intruders, who continued to pillage as before, several times beat off
armed parties sent to oppose them, and on one occasion attempted to set
fire to the bazaar.
Attempt by
the Ka'ab to
capture the
Turkish res-
sel " Faiz
Islam," 1774.
raids by the
Ka'ab on
Basrah town,
1775. ^
• V - J w
On the 21st of March 1775, a few days before the siege of Basrah
by the Persians actually began, 14 Ka'ab Gallivats passed up the
to join the Persian camp near Qurnah and were attacked, as they went,
of the Ka'ab
river fleet at the
sieze of Bas-

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1643] (160/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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