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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1646] (163/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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the Turks and the Ka'ab ; and the Mnntafik tribe, whose chief Thuwaini
was at this time acting with the Turks, made a remarkable incursion into
the Ka'ab country in the month of November, mention of which is made
in the history of Turkish 'Iraq. In 1787, on the other hand, when
Basrah was temporarily seized by Thuwaini,, the Ka'ab appear to have
co-operated with the Turkish authorities in suppressing his rebellion. Of
Shaikh Ghadhban, who ruled from 1782 to 179^, it is* recorded that he
" took possession of the entire left bank of the Shat-el-Arab as far up as
" Gardelan, and even colonised with the Chaab the right bank of the river
"from the sea to within ten miles of Bussorah. He might have taken |
possession of the town of Bussorah itself ; but he dreaded the too great
((extension of his territory, and eventually he deemed it his safer policy
" to withdraw altogether from the right bank of the Shat-el-Arab and
" to concentrate his forces between the Shat and the Jerrahi." In the
autumn of 1791, as is more fully explained in the history of Turkish
'Iraq, a naval encounter took place between the Ka'ab fleet and some
'Omani ships with cargoes of coffee, which were bound for Basrah. The 5 '
Ka'ab, whose maritime efficiency must now have been on the decline, were 1
worsted by the stranger vessels and had the greater number of their
Gallivats destroyed,—a loss which they prepared to revenge by intercepting
the 'Omanis on their return from Basrah, and for which they also
proposed to hold the Turks responsible. At the end of the year there
was an inconclusive engagement between a Turkish fleet, convoying
the visitors down the Shatt-al-'Arab and some batteries which the Ka'ab
had erected on the Turkish bank of the river; but the Turks, though
greatly irritated by the action of the Ka'ab, do not appear to have taken
any further measures against them. During the continuance of this
dispute " the Chaub Shaik gave very acceptable proofs of his friendship
" towards the English nation in permitting the Gallivat hired by the
" Resident for the conveyance of Major MacDonald from Bussora to
" Muscat to pass his batteries in the most honourable manner, as on other
" occasions."
1795-97. ^
We have little information regarding the condition of 'Arabistan or 11
the progress of events in that province during the reign of Agha | ^
Muhammad Khan, the first of the Qajar sovereigns of Persia, who ruled fc.
See Major Eawlinson's Memorandum on the Dispute, etc,, 1844i,

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1646] (163/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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