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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1652] (169/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Shflshtar and
and Muham-
nominally under the rule of an official appointed by the Persian Govern
ment ;that of Pallahiyeh and Muhammareh, which was governed by
the hereditary Shaikh of the Ka'ab ; and that of Hawizeh, which was
subject to a hereditary Wali of Arab and Saiyid lineage.
The Persian Governor "of 'Arabistan ordinarily had his residence
at Dizful. His authority extended only to that town and to Shushtar.
to some of the Arab tribes dependent on those two centres, and to the
districts immediately adjacent. The Governor's escort rarely exceeded 50
or 60 horsemen and his salary, which he collected himself, was 5,000
Tumans or £2,500 a year. The Government revenue assessed on
the tract under his jurisdiction was 40,000 Tumans annually, and
account of it was kept by a Mustaufi or Accountant-General, an officer
of the Central Government. Internally the towns of Dizful and
Shushtar were administered, in a disorderly way, by their own turbulent
chiefs ; but Saiyid notables, Mujtahids, and Mulla's also exercised a
consideiable influence in public affairs there. The Persian Governor had
little real power and was generally murdered or expelled, for some act
of injustice or oppression, before one year of his government had elapsed.
The greatest power in the whole province, if we exclude the Bakhti-
yari Khans whose influence, though external, permeated the northern
districts of 'Arabistan, was undoubtedly, at the beginning of the period, ;
the Shaikh of the Ka'ab tribe, whose seat was Pallahryeh. His
authority extended in a general manner over the districts of Pallahiyeh,
Muhammareh, Ahwaz, Jarrahi and Hindiyan ; his control over his own
tribe was almost absolute, and over the Muhaisin as yet considerable;
and the Bawiyeh and Bani Tamim tribes, in the latter of which the
* Sharifat seem to have been at that time included, rendered him a some
what doubtful allegiance. His available military force, drawn from the
Ka'ab, Muhaisin and Haiyadir, totalled about 7,000 men, of whom
3,000 were footmen well armed with muskets and matchlocks, 1,000
were horsemen, and the rest were indifferently equipped with swords and
spears. Additional levies might possibly have been raised by him, but they
would have been unprovided with useful weapons. The Shaikh's artilleiy
consisted of three small but serviceable t English guns, respectably
mounted, and served by 40 Persians who had been trained by a deserter
from tne Persian artillery. He possessd a lso several old unmounted guns
* The Sharifat are represented as so numerons at this period that it almost seems
necessary to suppose them identical with the present Bani Tamim.
t They were a ^-pounder, an S-pounder and q T 9 ™ ;r j i i
flinsp wf in apfirm ^ t> , l^-poundei*, and may have been
those lost in action by the British near Fallahiyeh in 1766.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1652] (169/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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