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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1654] (171/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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HelatioiiB of
Shaik Tha-
mir with
Muhammareh, at this time Haji Jabir. The Muhamtnareh Shaikh was
not yet in a position to throw off the allegiance due by him to allahiyeli j
and he continued to contribute his quotum towards the annual sum pay-
able by his superior to the Shiraz Government^ and to send tribal levies
to aid in the defence of Fallahiyeh when threatened. But his fulfilment
of these obligations was reluctant and imperfect; and he maintained
private relations, which were little short of treasonable to his overlord, with
the Persian Governor " of 'Arbistan 3> and the Wali of Hawizeh, perhaps
even with the Turkish Governor of Basrah. To watch the proceedings
of Shaikh Jabir and to hold him in check, if necessary. Shaikh Thamir
sent his nephew Taris-bin-Ghaith to reside on his behalf at Kut-ash*
Shaikh opposite to the main town of Muhammareh, as he himself had
resided there at an earlier time on the part of his brother Mubadir.
Shaikh Thamir, "fully sensible of the advantage of an uncertain depend
ency in deterring Persia from attempting to increase the extent or to
systematize the character of her interference in the affairs of the Chaab
tribe/ ; cultivated more friendly relations with his Turkish neighbours than
any of the earlier Shaikhs of his tribe. He was careful not to admit tHe
authority of the Governor of Basrah over himself ii^ any r essential
point; but he frequently presented the Mutasallim During the eighteenth century this was the third most powerful official in Ottoman Iraq (after the Pasha and the Kiya). The title was given specifically to the Governor of Basra. with horses and sums
of money, and received in return an occasional KhiVat or robe of honour.
Hawizeh, formerly a flourishing district, was f about this time reduced
to insignificance by a singular calamity : this was the collapse of a great
dyke at Kut Nahr Hashimonthe Karkheh, some 15 miles above Hawizeh
town. The results were as instantaneous as they were fatal. The Kar
kheh changed its entire course below Kut Nahr Hashim in a single night;
Hawizeh town and the cultivated districts were left high and dry; and
other tracts, formerly of some value for grazing or tillage, were converted
into profitless swamps. Formerly a large town, Hawizeh sunk rapidly
into a village of 400 or 500 inhabitants; and the Wali was ruined by the
impoverishment of his subjects. The tribute payable by the Wali to the
Persian authorities, most probably at Dizful had hitherto been 6^000
• if) ffas a 1
4 Od^
gent, wta
j no 1
lie usual]
Hiidj wk
toy fa
», Itisnc
iaiwil (
# Major Rawlinson says, in his Memorandum on the Dispute, etc,, 1844: " he
settled direct!} with the Government of Bus&orah for the land rent of the town of
Muhammerah ; but that eminent authority does not mention the source from which he
derived so important a piece of information.
t Layard [Early Adventures> Vol. II, page 166, and Description of the Province
of Ehuzistan, page 35) gives the date of the accident to the dyke as 1837, while Loftus
{Travels, page 359) assigns it to 1882. The former date has been adopted in the Geogra*.
phical Volume of this Gazetteer on the high authority of Layard } but the latter is
perhaps the eOn -ect one for Layard himself states that the failure of the dyke shortly
preceded the epidemic, the year of which was almost certainly 1832,
m vei
<'#6 Arab
NAosar, wl
^1 Weal It
%«ri ei

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1654] (171/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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