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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1656] (173/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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On this account of the affair the following observations "^were made by
Major Rawlinson ; the British Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Baghdad :
The riralry always subsisting between the two subdivisions of the Chaab tribe, named
Edris and Nasara, appears to have had but little effect on the condition of Moham-
merah. Hajee J aaber was of neither one tribe nor the other, and admitted few of
them into his town ; he formed and supported his own garrison, and, as far as I have
been able to ascertain, was well and faithfully served by them.
This account of the capture of Mohammerah is strongly perverted. Treachery was
never imputed to the garrison, nor did Jaaber fly from his own people but from the
Turkish soldiery, Kelying in fact on support from Fellahiah which was withheld by
Shaikh lhamir from jealousy of his rival's power he rejected all overtures and deter
mined to defend his town to the last. The place was accordingly formally invested,
battered, breached and finally taken by assault. Sheikh Jaaber escaping in his boats by
the Bamishere river when the Turkish troops were occupied in plundering the town.
Mohammerah was stormed on the west face, and when the troops were fairly in
possession of the breach there was a general rush to the boats on the Hafar, which runs
along the southern wall of the town, and numbers of persons who were without the means
of flight throwing themselves into the canal were drowned j the total population of the
place when it was captured, including the Arab garrison of fighting men, may have been
3,000 souls, and as always happens when a place is carried by assault, the loss of life
was no doubt considerable. 1 have never been able, however, to collect any satisfactory
information on this point, nor can I obtain an approximate estimate of the extent and
value of the plundered property.
further pro- Be the details of the capture of Muhammareh what they may, it is
ceedingSr ^ certain that the Turks obtained temporary possession of the place, pillaged
their expul- the bazaars and warehouses, and rendered the place defenceless by throw-
Shaikh Tha- ^ ^ own fortifications and carrying off the artillery. They then
^ntmeVof a demonstration a gainst Fallahiyeh, whereupom Shaikh Thamir fled
'Abdur Kiza- Kuwait; and ''Abdur Riza J and Musallim, sons of Muhammed, his
mad^^nd c ^ s ^ ai1 ^ Nations, were set up in his place as joint Shaikhs and Turkish
Musallim- vassals,
mad as joint
Shaikhs of
the Ka'ab:
kter'govern- , '^ ur ^ Sj for some unexplained reason, presently withdrew from
ment of 'Arabistan ; and the joint Shaikhs of the Ka'ah installed by them were not
ThSmir, aWe) tll0 ngh supported by the Bawiyeh, to maintain themselves for long
1838-1839. — - -
* See also de Bode's Travels inLuristan Vol. II, pages 118-120.
t Layara (Description of the Provin Ehuzistan, page 38) says, however, that
he took retuge with the Bakhtiyari chief Muhammed Taqi Khan. This seems not im.
probable as Muhammad Taqi afterwards, as We shall see, took refuge with him.
J KawJinson calls him Abdur EazzSq: see his Memorandum
etc.y 1844.

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1656] (173/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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