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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1666] (183/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Departure of By March 1842 the Mo'taimad-ud-Dauleh^ finding that no more
mad-ud- money could be squeezed out of the province^ had turned his back upon
A^biVn 0111 ' Arabistai1 and was 011 way to Ispahan. He left the Karkheh border
1842. ' a prey to the Bani Lam ; the Ka^ab districts in a state of anarchy, and
Muhammareh with its trade temporarily ruined. Strangely enough, how
ever, almost his last official act was an attempt to restore prosperity to
Hawizeh by rebuilding the dyke at Kut Nahr Hashim,—an undertaking
in which he was defeated by an unusually high rise of the river.
The* effect of the Mo'tamad's proceedings in 'Arabistan upon Perso-
Turkish relations is described in another place, t
Blood feud In 1842, shortly after the Mo^tamad-ud-Dauleh had quitted Muham-
Kt'Xsi^ikh niarell J Haji Jabir, the Muhaisin Shaikh of that place, sent his nephew
of Failahiyali Haji Muhammad to Fallahiyah to concert measures with the new
Jabir^ 1 Shaikh of the Ka'ab for mutual support in case of a second invasion of
Shaikh of the country by the Persian central authorities. Shaikh Paris, however,
Muhammareh* caused the young man to be shot as a rebel and a traitor; Hakim, a
brother to whom Shaikh Faris had assigned the .cadet's duty of watching
the Muhaisin from Kut-ash-Shaikh, made an unsuccessful attempt to
seize Muhammareh; and Haji Jabir, alarmed at the attitude of the Ka'ab
called in the Persian authorities. Some Persian troops from Dizful
accordingly arrived at Muhammareh in the spring of 1843 ; but a few
months later Haji Jabir, who no longer needed their support, succeeded
in getting them taken away again by creating commissariat difficulties.
A Persian officer with a small 'escort continued, however, to reside at
Muhammareh as the representative of his Government; and Shaikh
Jabir, who had to consider the danger in which he stood from Turkish as
well as Persian encroachments, thought it well to manifest to him an out
wardly conciliatory demeanour. The breach created between the chiefs of
* It is alleged by Major Rawlinson—see bis Memorandum on the Dispute, etc.,
1844,—that, from the time of the occupation of Mubammareb by the Mo'tamad, an an
nual payment of 500 paistres or about £40 which has hitherto been regularly made to
the Turkish authorities at Basrah by or on behalf of the Ka'ab Shaikh as ground rent for
the town, ceased ; but that, ever after the occupation, a payment of 300 tons of dates in
kind continued to be made year by year to the Basrah officials on account of the tracts
known as Tamar and Halfar. No authority is given by Major Rawlinson for these
statements, which perhaps therefore only reflect the assertions of Turkish officials at
Basrah. It is worth noting that nowhere else in the works and records consulted in
the compilation of this Gazetteer has any reference been found to the payment of land
revenue by the Ka ab or Muhaisin to the Turkish Government ; and, from the history
of their relations, such payment womld seem improbable. A reference to the article
" Haffar " in Yolume II of this Gazetteer will show that the tract really so named lies
well within the Karun, some distance above Muhammareh.
t Vide page 1374, a wife.

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1666] (183/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

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