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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1667] (184/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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110 hi
" lk i
upon Pai
^ed Mukr
; tis M}\
ith the e
n s, boffei:
; Hakim,
r of watcli
I attempt!
!of theK
from M
but a:
rt, md
to n
Muhammareh and Fallahiyah bj the murder of Haji Muhammad wag
irremediable; a blood feud was declared, or at least existed; and former
secret suspicion gave place to open enmity.
Muhammareh, as it existed in 1843, was a quadrangular enclosure about
350 yards long by 300 yards broad. The mud wall which surrounded
it was of the most ordinary kind ; its defences were destitute of artillery.
It contained only one caravanserai A roadside inn providing accommodation for caravans (groups of travellers). for the accommodation of merchants ;
and it consisted, for the rest, of rude Arab huts of mud and reeds. When
Major Eawlinson, the British Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Baghdad, visited
Muhammareh in that year, he found about a dozen vessels which had re
cently discharged their cargoes anchored at the place. To avoid a Turkish
brig of war that had been stationed at the mouth of the Karun to prevent
vessels with Indian goods from entering the port, boats from the sea now
ordinarily approached Muhammareh by the Bahmanshir instead of by the
Shatt-al-^Arab, or else landed their cargoes on ■'Abbadan Island below the
embouchure of the Karun, whence the goods were conveyed by land to a
point opposite Muhammareh. There were no customs duties at the port,
which was a main cause of its prosperity ; but it seemed probable that, in
consequence of the extension of either Persian or Turkish effective control
to it, that advantage was likely before long to be lost.
A contemporary writer The lowest of the four classes into which East India Company civil servants were divided. A Writer’s duties originally consisted mostly of copying documents and book-keeping. gives the following account of the political
distribution of the tracts about Muhammareh in 1843 ; but"^ for the reasons
noted below, it must be received with caution :
1 Sli # wr * ter course Ma i 01, Rawlinson, Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Baghdad, in his Memo-
an( ^ randum on the Dispute, etc., 1844. With the greatest respect for his high authority
m TurW it may be pointed out that his reiterated statements regarding payments to the Turkish
3 him U«^ over nment at Basrah on account of the tracts disputed between Persia and Turkey
the chleli seem s ^ an< ^ a ^ 0Ile official correspondence, and that he gives no indication of the
evidence on which they were based. See foot note on page 40 ante. From his
t transposition of Nahr Yusuf and Shakhsreh, of El Khagin (evidently Khaiyain) and
lo'taMdjfflP^rband, it may be inferred that he had not himself any very close acquaintance with
tilarly mai the tracts in question. His " Boojidee " is, doubtless, the modern Failiyeh which
ground®'stands on the Abu Jadi Canal; the " Eawa Arabs" must be the Bawiyeh; and his
tons of ^ Tamar-El-Jadeed " may be another instance of defective information, as there are two
it of the tii^ s ti nc t tracts, Tamar and Jadid, more than a mile apart and separated from each other
nson for ^ ^humaisen, Nahr i r usuf, and another tract. Haffar, which Major Eawlinson
isli officii Eeeinin ^ r 8u Pposed to be near the Shatt-al-'Arab, is in fact a tract on the Kartin some
£ . /* ta - e al30ve Muhammareh town : see Volume II of this Gazetteer, articles " Haffar"
1 ^ ^ u ^ ammare h District." The question of the relative positions of the disputed
aymen tracts has now been cleared up by Lieutenant A. T. Wilson's admirable map and report
•omtlie Mated 4th and 5th May 1912.
to tltf 31 It must be remembered that, at the beginning of the discussions which resulted is
so e Second Treaty of Erzeroum (1847), the British authorities favoured the Turkish
« im to Muhammareh. They may have been unconsciously influenced by the fact that
supported the claim of Persia, who had recently shown herself (1836-41) sub-
115 A
mareh in
Possession of
mareh and
tract , 1843.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1667] (184/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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