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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1669] (186/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Muhammad. One of the victims was a wealthy subject of the Ka^ab
Shaikh, who had fled from Muhammareh when it was attacked and taken
by the Turks in 1837, and who was returning to his home.
The case was taken uplenergetically by the British Eesident at Bushehr,
with the result that Sultan-bin-Sohar was found and arrested at Lingeh,
while his brother Muhammad and the Nakhuda of the offending vessel
were also captured, but released on giving bonds to pay 100 crowns each.
The principal delinquent was sent by the Kesident to the Ka^ab Shaikh for
punishment, but history does not record his ultimate fate.
The Qawasim One of the ruling families of the United Arab Emirates; also used to refer to a confederation of seafaring Arabs led by the Qāsimī tribe from Ras al Khaima. of Lingeh and E-as-al-Khaimah, whose boats were accus
tomed to make an annual voyage to Basrab, fearing the vengeance of the
Ka'ab, sent them in this year in one fleet of 22 vessels for mutual protec
tion and begged the British Resident to explain to Shaikh Thamir that
the chiefs of both the Qasimi ports were not responsible for the outrage,
and that the chief of Lingeh had in fact been at great trouble and expense
to obtain reparation. The Eesident apparently complied with this request,
and no reprisals were made by the Ka-'ab on the Qasimi fleet during its
Friendly, though not very close, relations seem to have been maintained
by the British Local Authorities with Shaikh Thamir during his tenure of
the Ka ; ab Shaikhship. He occasionally met with officers of the Indian
Navy at Muhammareh ; and, until his flight in 1841, he maintained a corre
spondence with the British representative at Basrah and received from him
"kindness and assistance on various occasions when he was in trouble. - "
The very civil reception which he gave to the English traveller Mr. Layard,
in 1841, is accounted for by these circumstances.
With the Mo^tamad-ud-Dauleh, during his Governorship of ^Arabis-
tan, the British authorities had no relations ; but Mr. Layard, in the
course of his remarkable wanderings in the province, was more than once
brought into contact with him. The Mo ; tamad evidently entertained
strong objections to Mr. Layard"'s presence in the country, being no doubt
persuaded that he was a British spy or political agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and also afraid that,
if any harm befell the traveller, the British Government might hold the
Persian Government responsible for the mischance. It is an extraordinary
fact that, in a conversation ^with Mr. Layard in the summer of 1841, the
Mo tamad described as an accomplished fact the massacre of the British
Envoy, Sir W. Macnaghten, and other British Officers at Kabul which
actually took place. Very much in the manner described, some months
later. Eventually he was said to have issued an order for Mr. Layard^s
British Poli
tical relations
with Shaikh
The Mo'ta-
Danleh and
the British,
♦ a
bee Layard's Early Adventures^ Vol. II, pages 138-139.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1669] (186/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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