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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1677] (194/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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The Ihtisham-us-Saltaneh was succeeded about 1860 by the Ziya-ul-
Mulk ; who remained in office till 1862. The successors of the Ziya-ul-
Mulk were His Royal Highness Farhad Mirza (1862-69) and His
Royal Highness Hamzah Mirza (1869-80) known as the Hashmat-ud-
Dauleh; two uncles of the Shah^ of whom the latter was already known
in connection with Khurasan affairs^ while the former was distined to
become at a later date Governor-Greneral of Ears. The nominal seat of
fche Hashmet-ud-Dauleh was Khurramabad^ Luristan as well as 'Arabis-
tan being under his control ; but. in the later days of his administration^
lie was generally engaged in collecting the revenue of the low countries
with the aid of a military force and in such circumstances made Shushtar
his headquarters. The total revenue of ^Arabistan in 1878-79 was
137,000^ Tumans, of which about a quarter was appropriated by the
Prince Governor A Prince of the Royal line who also acted as Governor of a large Iranian province during the Qājār period (1794-1925). as Pishkash for himself, the remainder, called Divan,
y, being credited to the Imperial Treasury.
In March 1880 the Zill-us-Sultan, the eldest surviving but not the
1 favourite son of the Shah, was entrusted with the administration of
)i Arabistan in addition to that of Isfahan and other territories j but Isfahan
was his place of abode, and he did not, apparently, visit ^Arabistan.
Instead he appointed local Governors to represent him, at first Ja^far
Quli Khan, then Amirzadeh 'Abdullah Mirza, and finally, not later than
in 1882, His Royal Highness Khanlar Mirza, Ihtisham-us-Sultaneh
who had governed the province 30 years on his own account. The
Ihtisham-us-Sultaneh who generally lived atDizful not Shushtar, visited
Muhammareh in May 1883 with a regiment of Persian infantry. In
1884 or 1885 the Zill-us-Sultan cancelled the appointment of the
Ihtisham-us-Saltaneh, and 'Arabistan and Luristan were combined under
the Muzaffar-ul-Mulk, His Royal Highnesses Governor of Burujird and
Khurramabad who in 1885 made a tour to Fallahiyeh and Muhammareh
With two Persian regiments, causing many Arab Shaikhs to prepare to
seek safety in Turkey.
In 1887 or 1888 a new Governor was appointed to 'Arabistan in the
person of the * Nizam-us-Saltaneh, probably by the Persian Central
overnment, for it was at this epoch that the glory of the Zill-us-Sultan
suffered eclipse. He had ruled for some years over nearly a half of Persia,
wc uding all the southern and south-western provinces, which were now
^ake n away leaving him only Isfahan. The Ni 2 am-us-SaItan eh,t who
a: arl,e l peri0d , tlle Nizam - us - Salt aneh was known as the Sa'ad-ul-Mulk,
t Imvl c ™bseqietitly conferred on his brother, the Governor of Bnshehr.
ord Curzon s Persia, Volame II, pages 380-381.
of the Ziya-
Mirza, and
Mirza, from
about I860
to 1880.
of the Zill-
by deputy,
of the
Saltaoeh, the
Mulk, and
His Royal

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1677] (194/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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