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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1678] (195/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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public works,
of the
system to
u though neither of good family nor distinguished antecedents ^
possessed u the inimitable manners of a Persian Gentleman^ acquired
a fair reputation for justice as well as energy of administration/ but in
1891 he was translated to Bushehr^ being promoted later to the Governor-
Generalship of Fars. His place was taken hj Haji Ghulam Husain
Khan, known as the Shahab-ul-Mulk, who remained for two years,
making way in March 1893 for His Royal Highness the Hisam-us-
Sultaneh, who visited Muhammareh in January 1894. The administra
tion of this Prince was on the whole successful, and he retained tho
Government until March 1895, when the Nizam-us-Saltaneh was re
appointed to 'Arabistan.
The Province suffered from a visitation of cholera in 1893.
Public Works were not entirely neglected by the Persian authorities in
; Arabistan, especially after the opening of the Karun to navigation in 1888,
but the results of their endeavours were not very remarkable. In 1879
Shushtar and Muhammareh were temporarily brought into telegraphic
communication with Tehran vid Dizful; but the line was badly
constructed and frequently cut in the Lur country, and it did not
long remain in operation. In 1889 a Government House, barracks,
a landing stage, and a public bath were built by the Nizam-us-Saltanehat
Muhammareh ; other erections, such as barracks, were begun at Nasiri ;
and large sums were spent, but without avail, in trying to restore
the Difzul bridge at Shushtar. In February 1891 a Persian post office
was opened at Muhammareh; and in August Muhammareh, Ahwaz,
Shushtar and Dizful were joined by a Persian telegraph line, which in
the following year was connected, by way of Ramuz, Behbehan, Dilam,
and Big, with the main system of telegraphs at Burazjan. In 1894, a
weekly Persian postal service which had been instituted between
Muhammareh and Shushtar collapsed for want of funds, and the
offices were closed until the following year.
One consequence of the opening of the Karun to the world was the
extension to ■'Arabistan of the system under which the Persian Foreign
Office are represented at centres where important foreign interests exist
by Karguzars or departmental agents, charged with the conduct of all
public business relating to foreigners, dealing directly with Tehran, and
not subject to the control of any local Persian authority. At Bushehr
as related elsewhere, this system had already for a long time been
a fertile cause of difficulties. In January 1889 Sartlp Mirza Kazim
Khan arrived at Muhammareh, where he had been appointed Karguzar
under the Persian Ministry of Foreign Affairs ; and a similar official.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1678] (195/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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