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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1681] (198/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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In 1872 the Prince Governor A Prince of the Royal line who also acted as Governor of a large Iranian province during the Qājār period (1794-1925). of'Arabistan visited Hawizeh, where 1872.
^ he installed a new ruler in the person of Mania Muhammad.
In 1879 there were many Arabs from Turkish territory settled in 1879.
the Hawizeh district, who had fled from beyond the Tigris to escape the
di N exaction of the Shaikh of the Muntafik. Such immigrants were accustom^
edto pay revenue to the Mania or chief of Hawizeh when he was strong,
111 a nd to refuse it when they found him weak.
Wul-I In the autumn of 1881 Mania Mutallib was recognised by the 1881-88,
efor® Persian authorities as ruler of Hawizeh. In 1883-84 this individual
tts agi still held the district on an assessment of 230,000 Qrans; but about
tie Ball 1888, though supported by the Persian Government, he had to make
ported^ way for a more popular rival. Mania Nasir Ullah with whom the
ditiyaiis: Nizam-us-Saltaneh profited by the occasion to stipulate for higher
was al Pishkash than before.
ofH In May 1891 there were serious disturbances at Hawizeh, due to 1891.
mdapi the appointment of an unacceptable Governor, for which the Bani Turuf
jur tritil were chiefly responsible. The rebels were defeated by Persian troops
villages; in a sharp action outside Hawizeh village, and the Shaikh who led
them soon afterwards made his submission. The outbreak was after
wards attributed to misconduct on the part of the Mustaufi or Persian
^ Revenue Accountant of 'Arabistan, who was accordingly thrown into
armed, t -l- 11 tliere was again trouble at Hawizeh, the inhabitants rising 1894-95.
ae M a ^ nsfc " m ilrtary commander,^ possibly a Persian officer who had
d Kfe ^ een sei1 ^ ^ ere > an( ^ December of that year two factions of the
tin 181 f ^ uru ^ embarked on mutual hostilities which did not cease until
the Prince Governor A Prince of the Royal line who also acted as Governor of a large Iranian province during the Qājār period (1794-1925). of the Province himself proceeded to the spot with
licbresi ^ r00 P s an< ^ a belonging to one of the parties was destroyed. The
ian ail ■^ awize ^ border was at this time greatly disturbed, the Arab tribes
^niselvfi ( ^ e P en ^ en ^ 0D Persia and Turkey freely raiding each other across it.
after ® In 1896, as a direct consequence of the intervention of the Ihtisham- 1896.
us-Saltaneh in the previous year, hostilities took place about Hawizeh
in which the Bani Salih tribe were involved and Saiyid Na'ameh, of
whom the Persian authorities had made use, was threatened; but an
armistice was patched up by the Shaikh of Muhammareh.
t[i j Affairs of the Shaikhdom of Mnhammareh, 1848—1896
of ^ i
e cent
Muhammareh and its dependencies continued to be governed under
Nasir-ud-Din Shah, as they had been during the reign of Muhammad

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1681] (198/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 30 November 2023]

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