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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1694] (211/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Principal Persian works, following it up, as soon as their fire was sufl}.
cxently subdued, by a disembarkation on the left bank of the Shatt-al-
^Arab above the Persian position and an immediate advance against the
Persian camps, which were in the desert behind Muhammareh town.
The 25th of March passed in transferring troops, guns, etc., from the
larger to the smaller vessels of the fleet at Hartheh; and in the evening
some hundreds of the enemy began to throw up cover for two field guns^
which they brought with them, near the anchorage; but a few shells
from the e: Assaye " drove them off. Already on the night of the 24th-
S5th, an island opposite the Persian north battery, at the present day
forming part of that known as Umm-al-Khasasif, was examined with a
view to establishing a mortar battery on it, but was found to be too low
and muddy for the purpose; consequently, on the 25th, a raft to carry
two 8-inch and two 5J-inch mortars was constructed, which on the follow- K; ;
ing night was moored in a channel to the west of the modern island of Ws
Umm-al-Khasa if, close to the village of Zain on the Turkish shore and ^
about 1,000 yards from the Persian batteries. The service of this raft, lierie
which was commanded by Captain Worgan of the Artillery and which ii ;anc
was towed into position after dark by the Baghdad Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. ifctre
steamer " Comet," was extremely dangerous. It was even accounted is from i
a sort of forlorn hope, because, should the enemy—as was probable—dis- divert
cover its presence during the night, nothing could prevent their capturing
it, far removed as it was from all support; but it escaped their observation.
Apparently from the location of the mortar battery at this spot, the eastern
part of the island of Umm-al-Khasasif is called Umm-ar-Risas or the
a Bullet Place/"' to this dav.
The order of events in the attack upon Muhammareh on the 26th
March is not precisely ascertainable, there being some discrepancy in the
time assigned by the principal authorities to the successive British move
ments. At dawn the mortar raft opened fire on both the principal
Persian batteries, and an immediate and considerable effect was produced
by its 8-inch shells; but those of its lighter pieces fell short. According
to Sir J. Outram Captain Worgan "engaged the enemy's batteries for
some two hours before he was supported by the men of war, evincing
^n d ^ H T 8alantry ' ^ aml th0Uel1 few of the Persian guns
could be brought to bear on the raft, it did not escape without inlnry
and a boat attached to it was sunk. The mortars remained in action J
about five hours and discharged, from first to last, 102 shells.
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About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1694] (211/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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