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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1707] (224/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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article was said to have excited anger and suspicion in tlie Shah, who
in his mind probably connected the designs that it attributed to the
British Government with the interest that the British authorities had
for some time past been showing in projects for the establishment of
steam navigation on the Karun Eiver.
In 1879, when the death of Shaikh Jabir at no distant date began
to appear probable, and when the rivalry between his sons Muhammad
Khan and Miz^l Khan was such as to suggest the likelihood of an
armed conflict between them on his demise, Mr. Robertson, the Assist
ant Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Basrah, sought instructions as to the attitude
which he should assume on the occurrence of the expected event. He
did not propose to interfere directly between the brothers, but he
thought that he might be authorised to give formal advice to Miz^al
Khan^ which, he had little doubt, would result in the retirement of that
Chief from the arena without a contest. The question was referred by
Colonel Eoss, the Resident in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , to the British Minister
at Tehran ; but it does not appear whether orders on the subject were
In April of this year a tour was made in ^Arabistan by Mr. W. S.
and Lady Anne Blunt who entered the province from the Bani Lam
country in Turkish 'Iraq, visited Dizful, Shushtar^ and Ramuz, and
thence made their way vioi Dilam and the coast to Bushehr.
Before his accession to the Shaikhdom of Muhammareh Miz'al Khan
maintained very close relations with the British Assistant Political
Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. at Basrah, then filled by Mr. Robertson, on whom at one
period he remained in almost constant attendance. After he became
Shaikh, probably for prudential reasons connected with his dependence
on Persia, his intimacy with the British Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. became less marked j
but in 1888 he visited Mr. Robertson at Basrah to consult him with
reference to apprehended aggressions by the Amin-us-Sultan^s Govern
ment, which had already taken in hand the subjection to Tehran of
the Bakhtiyari country and of the Persian Coast and Islands, and
which was supposed to aim at the abolition of the Muhammareh
Shaikhdom also, and the appointment of a Persian Governor in Southern
'Arabistan. The following extract from a report written by Mr. Robert
son at the time throws considerable light on the attitude of Shaikh
Miz'al towards the British authorities, at this critical period :—
Were the Persians to acquire direct authority over the Arabs of 'Arabistan and substi
tute Persian Governors for the hereditary Chiefs of Mohatnmerah, our influence and
practical power in these parts would be inconveniently affected. Sheikh Miz'al Khan,
Attitude of
the British
towards the
succession to
the Shaikh-
ship of
mareh, 1879.
Relations of
Miz'al with
the British,

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1707] (224/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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