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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1708] (225/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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J ike his father Haji Jabir Khan, has always placed his information and authority at the
disposal of this Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , and he would at once, if called upon, hold himself and his tribe
at the orders of the British Government. While he is the Chief, the position and
resources of Mohammerah are potentially under British control for the extension of
commerce or other purposes, and it is possibly a knowledge of this that has at the
present juncture occasioned the desire of the Persian Government to depose him.
After the opening of the Karun to navigation, and the death in 1889
of his friend Mr. Robertson, Shaikh Miz^aFs relations with the British
became much less friendly than they had been. The most evident causes
were annoyance at the competition of a British firm with himself in the
carrying trade of the Karun ; the action of the British representative at
Muhammareh, who was often obliged, after the institution of a British
Vice-Consulate there in 1890, to appeal to the Persian Karguzar or the
Persian Governor of ^Arabistan against his proceedings; and, finally, the
old fear of incurring the distrust of the Persian Government.
In 1895, when disaffection towards Shaikh Miz^al became rife among
his own subjects, Khaz'al Khan, whose succession to the Shaikhdom
began to appear probable, assured the British V ice-Consul at Muham-
mareh that he knew that "his political salvation lay in assisting and not
opposing the British/' and that, if as Shaikh he should be called on to
choose a policy, it would be one of sincere friendship with the British
Government, though the exigencies of politics might dictate concealment
of its real nature.
British official matters in 'Arabistan, 1848—96.
Until near the close of the period now under consideration there was
no permanent representative of the British Government, European or
native, in 'Arabistan, the reason apparently being that no important
British interests as yet existed in the province. In these circumstances,
Muhammareh being remote from Bushehr and very near to Basrah, the
British Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. at the latter place naturally became the chief medium of
British superintendence and action in 'Arabistan affairs. As we have
already seen it was the British Agent at Basrab who was employed in
; Arabistan in 1872-73, under the orders of the British Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at
Baghdad, to obtain reparation in the "Cashmere" piracy case; and in
1878 Mr. Robertson wrote a valuable account of the province, with
which circumstances had evidently made him well acquainted.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1708] (225/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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