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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1711] (228/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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ff ith retrospectire effect from 1889, and an allowance of £2,000 a year
for the three years following, rather by way of assistance to a struggling
British enterprise than as a postal subsidy proper; and the cost of the
arrangement was divided equally between the Home and the Indian
In 189^ the British India Steam Navigation Company and other
British lines having made Muhammareh a port of call^ a British Indian
post office was instituted there; but it was the only one in 'Arabistan,
and its creation did not therefore introduce any new consideration with
reference to the carriage of mails upon the Karun.
In 1894 Messrs. Lynch, who on the Kamn still continued to work at
a loss, and whose subsidy (as the Euphrates and Tigris Steam Naviga
tion Company) for the carriage of the British mails between Basrah and
Baghdad was reduced in that year from Rs. 36,000 to Rs.24,000 per annum
requested a renewal of the Karun subsidy for another five years; and
the Government of India suggested that their continuing to contribute
half of the Karun subsidy should be made conditional on Her Majesty's
Government's assuming liability for half of the Tigris subsidy paid to
the same Company, the cost of which had hitherto fallen entirely on
India. Her Majesty's Government, however, declined to contribute to
the Tigris subsidy ; and the Government of India consequently stated
that they were not disposed to find any part of the Karun subsidy, the
objects of which appeared to be Imperial and not Indian. Ultimately,
as Messrs. Lynch represented that the non-continuance of the subsidy
would entail their withdrawal from the navigation of the Karun, the grant
of £2,000 a year was renewed to them for 5 years at the joint expense of
Her Majesty's Government and the Government of India, the latter
paying provisionally half of the whole cost on the understanding that
the question of the permanent division of the Tigris and Karun subsidies
between the Home Government and themselves should be referred to
a Royal Commission which was then dealing with the financial relations
of Britain and India.
Navigation schemes and enterprises in 'Arabistan,
The greatest of all the changes that took place in Arabistan under
Kasir-ud-Din Shah was the introduction o£ steam navigation on the

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1711] (228/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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