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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1713] (230/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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would not only increase the trade between India and Persia, but also
strengthen our military position, if we are ever called upon to advance
into the interior of Persia." Consequently, when in 1875, after
personally inspecting the route between Isfahan and Shushtar, which he
recommended as suitable for a road, Mr. Mackenzie of Messrs. Gray,
Paul, and Co. submitted fresh proposals for the navigation of the Karun
through the Resident at Bushehr, the Government of India took them
into sympathetic consideration.
In 1874 a small steamer, owned apparently by the Shaikh of
Muhammerah, who was anxious that the channel of the Karun should
be improved by the Persian Government, was plying on the lower part
of the Karun and carrying a small local traffic, but at a loss.
In November 1875 the Euphrates and Tigris S. N. Co., practically
identical with Messrs. Lynch, having become aware of Messrs. Gray,
Paul, and Co/s plans, addressed Her Majesty^s Government requesting
that, if a concession for the navigation of the Karun were obtained from
the Persian Government, their own past services to British trade in
Turkish ■'Iraq and Persia might be recognised by their being allowed to
tender for any mail service of which the establishment on that river was
contemplated. The firm also requested the Government of India to
support their claims to consideration in the matter.
At the end of 1875 the Government of India, who now attached
considerable importance to the Karun project, proposed that, in event of
its reaching the stage of action, some subsidy might be granted to
Messrs. Gray, Paul, & Co. or to Messrs. Lynch from Indian revenues
to enable them to carry it into execution; and about the same time
Mr. Mackenzie, on behalf of the former firm, approached His Majesty
the Shah with a suggestion that Messrs. Gray, Paul & Co., should be
allowed to place steamers on the Karun and run them without any
subsidy from the Persian Government. His proposals at first found
favour, and a council composed of Princes, Ministers, and ether high
officials recommended that the navigation of the Karun should be
thrown open to the world,—a result apparently acquiesced in by
who perhaps did not consider a monopoly essential to
Action of
and Co.,
M odified
proposals of
Messrs. Gray,
Paul; and
Co., and
support of
them by the
Mr. Mackenzie,
the success of the enterprise. The matter appeared to be settled, when,
unexpectedly, it was announced by the Persian Government that river,
. 1882, however, Messrs. Gray, Paul, & Co. did not consider that they could
a engage in navigation on the Karun unless they were granted exclusive rights
or 0 years. This may account for their placing no steamer on the river when it was
' erwards opened to general navigation.

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1713] (230/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 July 2024]

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