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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1715] (232/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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j Vfo|| jjave arrangements in view for the navigation of the Karun among
qtili'eitf; 0 ther matters. Very soon, however, the attitude of the Shah to the
a s^ British proposals again became hostile; and it was at last discovered, or
l Wi rather conjectured, that the cause of all his hesitation was a fear lest, if
the value of Muhammareh as a port should be greatly increased, the
anil; temptation to annex it might become irresistible to the British Govern^
Ucoinji ment. At length, in January 1879, His Persian Majesty^s irritation at
opj the perseverance of the British Legation exploded in a letter which he
suiyj wr ote to his Minister for Foreign Affairs, with ill-considered instructions
iim fc that it should be read to Mr. Thomson : it bore " that the insistence of
ianceoit; Her Majesty's Government with reference to the Karun aroused his
) frepj suspicions; that Persia was not a dependent but an independent power;
action, that^ if his consent was requested in the matter, he declined to give it;
i sougltt an ^ ^ force was contemplated, that was another thing.^ The
ieoppii communication was afterwards retracted; but the Karun remained
y had I c ^ ose ^ navigation by foreigners.
.dett; Minister for Foreign Affairs promised the Benewed
make te Br ^ ish representative at Tehran that, if only the British Government negSkns,
jsults.! wou ^ use i n fl uenc e procure the removal from the frontier of the 1881 " 83 *
erseani Kurdish chief J Obaid Ulleh, a Turkish subject, who was threatening
le Mom ^ ers ^ an territory, the Persian Government would on their part open the
ithePel p™ to foreign navigation and even connect Shushtar by a road with
and iit® Tehran. The desired representations were accordingly made by His
esaiixii " Britannic ^ a j es ty's Ambassador at Constantinople; but, possibly in
madetjf C0Ilse q u ence of an impression at Tehran that the deportation of the
ivigatlcn turbulent was ^ 111016 to Russian than to British influence,
t mk ^ Tll0ms011 ^ wlien ^ verted to the question of the Karun, met only
. . with evasions.
,used ton
takW Meanwhile the Zill-us-Sultan, son of the Shah, had been appointed
Governor-General of 'Arabisfcan in 1880 and of Fars in 1881,^in addition
to other provinces and had established friendly relations with Colonel
Ross, the British Resident at Bushehr; and at the beginning of 1882,
gn nati® the question of the Karun having been referred to him by his royal
the a father for an opinion, he undertook to obtain permission for navigation
that i* of the river by British vessels, provided that a British decoration were
world^ promised him. A Persian engineer whom he employed reported,
safer t } however, in July 1882, that the admission of foreign ships to the Karun
l8g ia# would be a military danger, recommending at the same]time that the
tol#e Persian Government should place steamers of its own on the river; and
professe t e Zill-us-Sultan's influence, if it were really exerted, proved unequal to
118 A

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1715] (232/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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