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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1720] (237/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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of the
tion of
on the lower
In December 1888, in order to determine the value of the Bahman*
shir as a water way, in connection wich the opening of the Karun^ that
stream was explored to a distance of 20 miles from the sea bj the
Bushehr Eesidency steamer R.I.M.S. Lawrence j"" and Captain
Butterworth afterwards descended it throughout its length, taking sound
ings by the way. The results of this examination were to show that
it was impracticable in its actual state, as a passage for ocean steamers.
On the 30th October 1888, immediately on the receipt of telegraphic
information that navigation on the Karun below Ahwaz had been
declared free, the steam launch " Arab ^ belonging to Messrs. Grey
Mackenzie, & Co., the Basrah house of Messrs. Grey, Paul, & Co., was
despatched from Basrah to the Karun as a pioneer and to establish the right
of way; but, as she drew five feet of water and the river was then at its
lowest, she was immediately followed by the " Bloss^ Lynch,^ a large
side paddle steamer owned by the Euphrates and Tigris Steam Naviga
tion Company, of which the draft was three feet. The Shaikh of
Muhammerah not having as yet received any orders from the Persian
Government to permit foreign vessels to enter the Karun, though the
issue of such had been promised at Tehran, it was arranged in order not
to compromise him that both these vessels should pass Muhammareh at
night, and that their Captains should report to the Nizam-us-Saltaneh ;
Governor of ; Arabistan, the fact of their having done so.
Fortnightly runs between Muhammareh and Ahwaz were made for
some months by the fC Blosse Lynch/' after which, being found too long
and too deep for a river so full of sharp bends and in some seasons so
shallow as the Karun, she was replaced by the " Shushan," a stern-
wheeler 100 feet in length and of 2i feet draft with three rudders,
built originally for the Nile Expedition; but again in 1890, the
« Sushan having been removed to the upper river, the maintenance of
Messrs. Lynches service on the lower Karun once more devolved for a
time on the - Blosse Lynch.- In July 1891, a launch towing a barge
was substituted, but was replaced in 1892, by the Malamir/' a vessel
of the same type as the "Blosse Lynch " but not so large.
The Bombay and Persia Steam Navigation Company, experimented
on the Karun for a wble with a small steamer, the " Iran but the
return obtained was inadequate and they shortly withdrew her, leaving
Messrs. Lynch the only British firm in the field, with none, but Persian
rivals. ^

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1720] (237/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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