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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1727] (244/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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5l to a Persian syndicate^ styled the Nasiri Company, of which the most
prominent members were the Malik-ut-Tujjar (Haji Muhammad Mehdi,
110lls )i Mo^tamad-us-Sultan) and the Mu^in-ut-Tujjar (Haji Agha Muhammad,
a w ealthy merchant of Bushehr). The Company were invested with
3 exclusive rights of navigation on the Karun and its branches above
Aliwaz, an exception being made in favour of the Shah^s steamer
ai ^s usa ^ the privilege of providing accommodation for Messrs. Lynch
J* Muhammareh* and Shushtar was assigned to them ; they were to
alfr® construct a quay, caravanserais, and shops at Nasiri, where they were
a gaiiisl permitted to levy landing dues except from pilgrims ; a cart or tramway
hen lit g er vice for the passage of the Ahwaz rapids was to be organised by them,
mplail f or f^e US e of which they were authorised to demand payment according
to a fixed scale; and various other advantages were conferred and duties
imposed on them by the terms of the concession, which was declared in-
W'l r ^ ^
■ capable of being transferred to foreigners.
Behind the Nasiri Company, thus established, stood the Amin-us-
g u itan ; and the Nizam-us-Sultaneh, Governor of the province; and. Shaikh
isiii,! Khan of Muhammareh having been drawn into the concern, his
^ great influeuce was utilised—though secretly—to obstruct Messrs. Lvnch.
Milk was j one deflecting business from them by order ; by manipu-
lating the customs of Muhammareh, of which the Shaikh was the farmer,
jlI % 81 so as to favour clients of the Nasiri Company ; by deterring labourers
.ted 4 f roni wor iji n g f or Messrs. Lynch; by catting off supplies from their
^ employes; and generally, by penalising relations of any sort with them
affair® on the part of natives of the country. The result in 1891-93 was that
ioescf while Messrs. Lynch obtained most of the passenger traffic, the Persian
lid to I steamers carried about four-fifths of the cargo, though their freights
were much higher.
propi Though under their concession they were required to maintain at
1 Persii least two vessels on the upper river, it is not clear that the Nasiri
16Ml Company always—or ever—did so; but by 1891 they owned in all
unrfi three steamers of which at least one, a the Nasiri63 feet long, towing
it-Tf 1 3 barges, ran on tbe lower Karun in competition with Messrs. Lynch;
ngness 1 and they had constructed, aftert twoyears^ delays Nasiri-Ahwaz portage
is to M — — ——— —
fo# 1 ! * was mentioned in this con nection in the Company's charter ; but there
too Messrs. Lynch were placed in the hands of the Mu'in-nt-Tnijar, their principal trade
river- rival and a member of the syndicate.
Ope 11 ' t In December 1890 it was found necessary to urge the Persian Government to
• ex P e ^ te the construction of this tramway and His Britannic Majesty's Minister at
Telirln obtained a formal assurance from the Shah that it would not btf longer deferred.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1727] (244/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

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